Hong Kong, 1894: the role of James A Lowson in the controversial discovery of the plague bacillus

@article{Solomon1997HongK1,
  title={Hong Kong, 1894: the role of James A Lowson in the controversial discovery of the plague bacillus},
  author={Tom Solomon},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={1997},
  volume={350},
  pages={59-62}
}
The history of the plague and the research on the causative agent Yersinia pestis
TLDR
The gram-negative coccobacillus now designated as Yersinia pestis has been discovered as the causative agent of plague in this Hong Kong outbreak, and its detailed role in the transmission of plague has been found and experimentally verified.
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Reorganizing Hospital Space: The 1894 Plague Epidemic in Hong Kong and the Germ Theory.
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Whether the preventive measures taken by the Hong Kong's colonial authorities were legitimate during the 1894 Hong Kong plague epidemic was examined, and the correlation between the plague epidemic and hospital space in Hong Kong in the late 19th century was illuminated.
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TLDR
A history of this contested pathology, the diagnostic and epidemiological questions raised by it, and the way in which it came to play a significant role in debates about the nature of plague at the turn of the nineteenth century are drawn.
Pneumonia Caused by Yersinia pestis: Plague Pneumonia
TLDR
With the first reported case of multidrug-resistant Y. pestis from an epidemic area, the future of treatment and prophylaxis regimens may be problematic, although quinolones and third-generation cephalosporins may hold some promise.
Modeling plague transmission in Medieval European cities
TLDR
It is demonstrated that the louse-borne transmission of bubonic plague is a viable alternative to resolve the inconsistencies between plague during the Black Death and plague with rats, and primary pneumonic plague can produce large scale epidemics, but only under conditions highly favorable for this mode of transmission.
A ‘Suitable Soil’: Plague’s Urban Breeding Grounds at the Dawn of the Third Pandemic
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It is demonstrated that the soil played a crucial role in the development of plague as a scientifically knowable and actionable category for modern medicine.
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