Honeydew intake of the weaver antPolyrhachis simplex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) attending the aphidChaitophorous populialbae (Homoptera: Aphididae)

  title={Honeydew intake of the weaver antPolyrhachis simplex (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) attending the aphidChaitophorous populialbae (Homoptera: Aphididae)},
  author={A. Allan Degen and Mordechai Gersani and Yamil Avivi and N. Weisbrot},
  journal={Insectes Sociaux},
SummaryThe weaver ant,Polyrhachis simplex, inhabits areas characterized by high ambient temperatures, year round open water and Homoptera-hosting plants. Its main food source is “honeydew” excreted by four homoptera species. We estimated the daily energy expenditure ofP. simplex and measured its energy intake of honeydew when it attended the aphidChaitophorous populialbae. Daily energy expenditure was estimated as 1.85 to 2.58 J/day and energy intake was calculated as 8.18 to 24.54 J/day, i.e… 

Figures from this paper

The influence of ant attendance on larval parasitism in hawthorn psyllids (Homoptera: Psyllidae)
Ant exclusion experiments showed that the primary parasitoid P. mitratus benefitted from ant attendance of its host C. crataegi as honeydew-collecting ants provided it with protection from hyperparasitoids.
Seasonal Response of Workers of the Allegheny Mound Ant, Formica Exsectoides (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) to Artificial Honeydews of Varying Nutritional Content
Field colonies of Allegheny mound ants, Formica exsectoides, were tested at monthly intervals throughout the summer to assess their preference for ar­ tificial honeydews containing varying
Ecology and behaviour of the weaver ant Camponotus (Myrmobrachys) senex
It is suggested that C. senex larvae could be considered an effective caste, valuable in nest construction, in Brazil and showed that the weaver larvae have a fundamental function in nest building.
Review of ants from the genus Polyrhachis Smith (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Formicinae) in Hong Kong and Macau, with notes on their natural history
Polyrhachis is one of the most taxonomically and ecologically diverse ant genera in the world. Limited knowledge is, however, available on the species encountered within continental South East Asia,
Aphid-ant interaction reduces chrysomelid herbivory in a cottonwood hybrid zone
In a cottonwood (Populus) hybrid zone, Chaitophorus aphids attract aphid-tending ants which subsequently reduce herbivory by the leaf-feeding beetle, Chrysomela confluens, which causes beetle defoliation of immature trees.
Reproductive Biology of the San Fernando Valley Spineflower, Chorizanthe parryi var. fernandina (Polygonaceae)
There was a significant correlation between the numerous different floral visitors and the invertebrate fauna in the immediately surrounding coastal sage scrub community indicating that this taxon is visited by a substantial variety of potential pollinators and is probably not pollinator-limited.
The effects of ant attendance on aggregation of the honeydew producing lac insect Kerria yunnanensis
The relationship between some hemipterans and ants is generally thought to be mutualistic, as both partners seem to benefit from the association. Previous studies have shown that ant tending improves
Bottom-up down from the top : Honeydew as a carbon source for soil organisms
Both natural and simulated honeydew raised the activity densities of an epigeic Collembola taxon, the Bourletiellidae, but not of the dominant Hemisotoma thermophila, which hints at a top-down control of ants and spiders.
Towards the development of sustainable control options for the African root and tuber scale on cassava in Central Africa : understanding the biology and ecology of the tending ant "Anoplolepis tenella" (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)
The results demonstrate that control of S. vayssierei in crop fields is contingent on reductions in the densities of its associated ant A. tenella and indicate that human activities reduce ant diversity and offer new nesting niches or food sources to ants which could explain the proliferation of species like A.Tenella.
Spatiotemporal resource distribution and foraging strategies of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae).
  • M. Lanan
  • Biology, Medicine
    Myrmecological news
  • 2014
It is demonstrated that different foraging strategies are indeed associated with specific spatiotemporal resource attributes, and the general patterns described here can be used as a framework to inform predictions in future studies of ant foraging behavior.


Studies on the Association of the Ant Oecophylla longinoda (Latr.) (Formicidae) with the Scale Insect Saissetia zanzibarensis Williams (Coccidae).
A close association exists between the ant Oecophylla longinoda (Latr.) and the scale insect Saissetia zanzibarensis Williams, which gives absolute protection from Coccinellid predators and, although parasitism by Coccophagus spp and predation by Eublemma spp.
Polyrhachis simplex The Weaver Ant of Israel
  • J. Ofer
  • Biology
    Insectes Sociaux
  • 2005
The present investigation is the first in which colonies of P. simplex have been successfully reared in the laboratory, using a special sugar solution as a substitute for the natural food of the ants, and reproduced through several generations.
Mutualism Between Ants and Honeydew-Producing Homoptera
In this review, the term "mutualism" is defined as an association between ants and other insects which is mutually beneficial without neces­ sarily implying obligate dependence or interdependence.
Effect of Load Carriage on the Respiratory Metabolism of Running Worker Ants of Camponotus herculeanus (Formicidae)
The influence of load carriage on the metabolic rate of running worker ants of Camponotus herculeanus (L). was investigated by measuring the CO2 liberation of unloaded and loaded running individuals
The Insect Societies
Conducts a definitive study of the social structure and symbiotic relationships of termites, social wasps, bees, and ants.
Social Biology.
  • Nature
DARWIN'S “Descent of Man” was a challenge to the complacent dualism which had permitted utilitarian science and humanistic philosophy to pursue an independent course from the days of the schoolmen to
The Ecological Implications of Body Size
A mathematical primer: logarithms, power curves, and correlations, and a mathematical primer for allometric simulation models.
Animal Physiology: Adaptation and Environment
This chapter discusses the regulation of movement, muscle, biomechanics, and information and senses in the body during the menstrual cycle and the role that food and energy play in this process.
The ecological implications of body
  • 1983