Honey bees (Apis cerana) use animal feces as a tool to defend colonies against group attack by giant hornets (Vespa soror)

@article{Mattila2020HoneyB,
  title={Honey bees (Apis cerana) use animal feces as a tool to defend colonies against group attack by giant hornets (Vespa soror)},
  author={Heather R Mattila and Gard W. Otis and Lien Thi Phuong Nguyen and Hanh Duc Pham and Olivia M Knight and Ngoc T Phan},
  journal={PLoS ONE},
  year={2020},
  volume={15}
}
Honey bees (genus Apis) are well known for the impressive suite of nest defenses they have evolved to protect their abundant stockpiles of food and the large colonies they sustain. In Asia, honey bees have evolved under tremendous predatory pressure from social wasps in the genus Vespa, the most formidable of which are the giant hornets that attack colonies in groups, kill adult defenders, and prey on brood. We document for the first time an extraordinary collective defense used by Apis cerana… Expand
3 Citations

Figures and Tables from this paper

Risk Assessment for the Establishment of Vespa mandarinia (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) in the Pacific Northwest, United States
TLDR
By design, the tier-1 risk assessment most likely overestimates the risk of establishment of V. mandarinia in Washington, Oregon, Montana, and Idaho, but considering its negative effects, these counties should be prioritized in ongoing monitoring and eradication efforts. Expand
Risk assessment for the establishment of the Asian giant hornet (Vespa mandarinia) in the Pacific Northwest
TLDR
Many of the western counties of both Washington and Oregon were estimated to be at the highest risk of establishment mainly due to their suitable climate for queens to overwinter, dense forest biomass for nest colonization, and proximity to major port and freight hubs in the region. Expand
Peripheral taste detection in honey bees: What do taste receptors respond to?
TLDR
An evolutionary and comparative perspective is adopted to understand the neural principles of honey bee taste and define key questions that should be answered in future gustatory research centered on this insect. Expand

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 107 REFERENCES
Behavioral responses of honey bees, Apis cerana and Apis mellifera, to Vespa mandarinia marking and alarm pheromones
TLDR
The marked differences in responses of the two honey bee species suggest that Asian honey bees are able to alter their behavior in response to one of their major predators while honey bees that are not exposed to this predator do not. Expand
Agonistic interactions between the honeybee (Apis mellifera ligustica) and the European wasp (Vespula germanica) reveal context-dependent defense strategies
TLDR
It is found that agonistic events supported by other nestmates were typically the most intense ones, involving physical combat and prolonged attacks at the entrance to the hive, supporting the hypothesis that A. mellifera ligustica can adapt its behavior to match the severity of the threat and the context of the attack. Expand
Colony Defense Strategies of the Honeybees in Thailand
TLDR
Each species' colony defense system consists of numerous interwoven lines of adaptation, including nest site, nest architecture, colony population, labor allocation to defense, age polyethism schedule, colony mobility, and worker morphology, physiology, and behavior. Expand
Unusual thermal defence by a honeybee against mass attack by hornets
THE giant hornet Vespa mandarinia japonica (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) is the only hornet species known to have evolved en masse predation of other social bees and wasps. Here we show that hornets isExpand
Defensive behaviour of Apis mellifera against Vespa velutina in France: Testing whether European honeybees can develop an effective collective defence against a new predator
TLDR
The results showed that A. mellifera in France exhibit an inefficient and unorganized defence against V. velutina, unlike in other regions of Europe and other areas around the globe where honeybees have co-evolved with their natural Vespa predators. Expand
Defence reactions of Apis mellifera ligustica against attacks from the European hornet Vespa crabro
TLDR
Comparing the differences and similarities of this behaviour with those observed in other species of Apis and Vespa reveals that these two species are an interesting model for the study of the evolutionary arms race. Expand
An ‘I see you’ prey–predator signal between the Asian honeybee, Apis cerana, and the hornet, Vespa velutina
TLDR
It is argued that an ‘I see you’ signal has coevolved between the Asian hive bee, Apis cerana, and its hornet predator, Vespa velutina, and the Western honeybee, Ap is mellifera, which does not produce the signal and is ineffective at killing hornets by collective mobbing. Expand
Defensive behavior of honey bees: organization, genetics, and comparisons with other bees.
TLDR
Comparisons between A. mellifera and other species of Apis, as well as with allodapine, halictine, bombine, and meliponine bees, illustrate the wide variety of evolutionary solutions to problems in colony defense in the Apoidea. Expand
Foraging on some nonfloral resources by stingless bees (Hymenoptera, Meliponini) in a Caatinga region.
TLDR
The variety and intriguing abundance of bees in nonfloral resources suggests that these are an important part of the stingless bee niches, even if these resources are used for nest construction and defense. Expand
A colony defence difference between two honey bee subspecies (Apis mellifera cypria and Apis mellifera caucasica)
Summary Colony defence differences between two honey bee subspecies Apis mellifera cypria and A. m. caucasica are reported. A. m. cypria formed significantly (P < 0.001) more defensive balls of beesExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...