Homozygotes for Huntington's disease

@article{Wexler1987HomozygotesFH,
  title={Homozygotes for Huntington's disease},
  author={Nancy S Wexler and Anne B. Young and Rudolph E. Tanzi and Helen Travers and Simon Starosta‐Rubinstein and John B. Penney and S. Robert Snodgrass and Ira Shoulson and Fidela Gomez and Mar{\'i}a Antonia Ramos Arroyo and Graciela K. Penchaszadeh and Humberto Moreno and Kerin T. Gibbons and Anne G. Faryniarz and Wendy J. Hobbs and Mary Anne Anderson and Ernesto Bonilla and P. Michael Conneally and James F. Gusella},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1987},
  volume={326},
  pages={194-197}
}
Careful comparison of symptomatic individuals with normal controls has revealed the primary biochemical abnormality in many human genetic diseases, particularly recessive disorders1. This strategy has proved less successful for most human disorders which are not recessive, and where a single copy of the aberrant gene has clinically significant effects even though the normal gene product is present. An alternative approach that eliminates the impediment of a normal protein in affected… 
Homozygosity in Huntington's disease: new ethical dilemma caused by molecular diagnosis
TLDR
The present authors describe a family comparing two affected siblings: one is heterozygotic and the other homozygous for the HD mutation, and confirm that the age and symptoms of onset did not differ significantly between the subjects; however, the disease seemed to have a more severe progression in the heterozygote than in the homozygote.
Homozygosity for CAG mutation in Huntington disease is associated with a more severe clinical course.
TLDR
Differences in the disease features between eight homozygotes and 75 heterozygotes for the Huntington disease mutation point to the possibility that the mechanisms underlying age at onset and disease progression in Huntington disease may differ, and suggest that the phenotype and the rate of disease progression may differ.
Dominance and homozygosity.
  • J. Zlotogora
  • Medicine
    American journal of medical genetics
  • 1997
TLDR
It is confirmed that in most cases homozygotes of dominant disorders are more severely affected than heterozygotes and in some cases molecular analysis allowed an understanding of the mechanisms involved.
Homozygosity in Huntington’s disease
TLDR
The clinical, neuropsychological, and molecular characterisation of such a patient in comparison to his heterozygous brother is reported, since homozygous carriers of the disease are no more severely affected than heterozygouse carriers.
Huntington's disease
TLDR
Prenatal exclusion testing offers an alternative method of detecting and terminating at‐risk pregnancies without revealing the genetic status of the at-risk parent.
Clinical manifestations of homozygote allele carriers in Huntington disease
TLDR
This study provides Class II evidence that age at onset, the motor phenotype and rate of motor decline, and symptoms and signs progression is similar in homozygotes compared to heterozygotes, indicating similar effect on the mutant protein.
A Huntington's disease CAG expansion at the murine Hdh locus is unstable and associated with behavioural abnormalities in mice.
TLDR
Analysis of the mutation introduced into the endogenous mouse Hdh gene reveals significant levels of germline instability, which implies that effective treatment of HD may require an understanding and amelioration of these dysfunctional processes, rather than simply preventing the premature death of neurons in the brain.
Proposed genetic basis of Huntington's disease.
  • C. Laird
  • Biology
    Trends in genetics : TIG
  • 1990
A molecular investigation of true dominance in Huntington’s disease
TLDR
It is shown that cytoplasmic and nuclear aggregates are formed by constructs comprising part of exon 1 of huntingtin with 41, 51, 66, or 72 CAG repeats, in a rate that correlates with repeat number.
Predictive testing for Huntington's disease with use of a linked DNA marker.
TLDR
It is concluded that some persons in the early stages of Huntington's disease may seek presymptomatic testing rather than neurologic evaluations.
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