Homophily or the Queen Bee Syndrome

  title={Homophily or the Queen Bee Syndrome},
  author={Virginia W. Cooper},
  journal={Small Group Research},
  pages={483 - 499}
Nontraditional and traditional women were placed into groups, with both nontraditional and traditional women as leaders, and assigned a simple sorting task. Results indicate that (a) nontraditional women evaluated female leadership in general more positively than did traditional women, (b) traditional women responded more positively to their own experience of traditional leadership than did nontraditional women, and (c) nontraditional women responded more positively to their own experience of… 
Do sexist organizational cultures create the Queen Bee?
'Queen Bees' are senior women in masculine organizational cultures who have fulfilled their career aspirations by dissociating themselves from their gender while simultaneously contributing to the
A model for femininity and military leadership
Although the concept of women as leaders is not a novelty, recent trends have women breaking through traditional “glass ceilings,” thus pioneering female leadership roles in the workplace and the
Gender-Bias Primes Elicit Queen-Bee Responses Among Senior Policewomen
It is suggested that gender-biased work environments shape women’s behavior by stimulating women with low gender identification to dissociate with other women and to display queen-bee responses as a way to achieve individual mobility.
Causal Attributions About Feminine and Leadership Roles
In a cross-cultural study, the authors tested whether the leadership role is more congruent with the masculine than the feminine gender role. Participants in Germany and Spain evaluated a male or a
The underrepresentation of women in science: differential commitment or the queen bee syndrome?
An explanation in social identity terms is supported, according to which individual upward mobility implies distancing the self from the group stereotype which not only involves perceiving the self as a non-prototypical group member, but may also elicit stereotypical views of other in-group members.
Military Leadership Evaluations: Effects of Sex, Leadership Style and Gender-Role Attitudes
Abstract : Despite a recent increase in women holding leadership or managerial positions, women are still underrepresented in the highest levels of the military and business. On potential reason for
Sisters at Arms
The narrative surrounding the nature of relationships and interactions between and among women at work is decidedly negative, which is evident in the coverage that female competition and the queen
Sex-role Orientation, Women as Managers and Transformational Leadership Among Female Law Firm Partners and Subordinates
Nearly 30% of all attorneys in the U.S. are women, but only 17% of all partners in major U.S. law firms are women. The disparity in the number of women at the top of the legal profession echoes the
The Dynamic of Women Leading Women in Higher Education
  • J. Reding
  • Education
    Journal of Women in Educational Leadership
  • 2020
With each passing decade, women make significant strides in their educational attainment, better positioning themselves for leadership roles. Despite decades of research assessing the leadership
Gender and relationship differences in the perceptions of male and female leadership
This research aims to investigate the differences in evaluations of job performance between male and female managers by those managers’ immediate bosses and peers.,Drawing on gender structure theory,


Invasion of Males' Personal Space by Feminists and Non-Feminists
This research investigated the relationship between attitudes toward the feminine role and personal space in 72 college women (19.5 yr.). Subjects were classified as either feminists or traditionals
Equity vs equality: Sex differences in leadership
The present study investigated differences between male and female leaders' responses to poorly performing subordinates. Ninety-four male and 94 female leaders were presented with a vignette
Sex and Power in the Federal Bureaucracy
Questionnaire data from 152 female employees and 46 supervisors in a large federal bureaucracy are used to test Kanter's hypothesis that sex differences in supervisory behavior result from sex
Sex and least preferred co-worker score effects in leadership behavior
This study investigated the subordinate liking and the leadership style of male and female managers in a simulated business activity. Sixty-seven female and 290 male undergraduate and graduate
An exploration of women's expectations of effective male and female leadership
University women (N=188) of varying ages (19–53) and work experience described their behavioral expectations of an effective male and female leader for levels of Consideration, Initiating Structure,
Sex stereotypes and the leadership role
Previous research has indicated that stereotypically masculine behaviors characterize leadership and that stereotypically feminine traits are devalued. However, this research may be questioned on the
Attitudes toward Women as Managers: Sex or Role-Differences?
women are increasingly finding themselves confronted with new opportunities (and problems) in the work world. More women than ever before, for example, are assuming managerial positions of one type
The gender model revisited: Differences in the management styles of men and women
Qualitative data from 22 women and 18 men managers and their secretaries were analyzed to provide insights into gender differences in managerial styles. Traditional management style topologies, based
Relationship between self-confidence and sex role identity among managerial women and men.
Results showed that, contrary to stereotypes and older research, female and male managers were strikingly similar, and sex role identity (but not gender) was a major factor in the level of self-confidence.
The Effects of Prototype-Based Biases on Leadership Appraisals
Leadership categorization theory suggests that leaders who display characteristics and abilities that match observers' schematic conception of an effective leader will be more favorably evaluated