Homogeneous 242mAm-Fueled Reactor for Neutron Capture Therapy

@article{Ronen2001Homogeneous2R,
  title={Homogeneous 242mAm-Fueled Reactor for Neutron Capture Therapy},
  author={Yigal Ronen and M. Aboudy and Dror Regev},
  journal={Nuclear Science and Engineering},
  year={2001},
  volume={138},
  pages={295 - 304}
}
Abstract The best sources of neutrons for neutron capture therapy (NCT) are nuclear reactors. To consider installing nuclear reactors in hospitals, such reactors must be cheap and inherently safe. To meet these requirements, the power of the reactor should be low. To obtain low reactor power and high flux, the critical mass should be small. A preliminary design for a 10-kW homogeneous reactor with a critical mass of 19.22 g 242mAm is presented. The obtained results of this reactor are compared… 

The Smallest Thermal Nuclear Reactor

Abstract There is a growing need for very small nuclear reactors for space applications and as portable high-intensity neutron sources. This technical note investigates the question of what is the

Breeding of 242mAm in a Fast Reactor

Abstract There is growing interest in the use of 242mAm as a nuclear fuel. Since the thermal absorption cross section of 242mAm is very high (σa = 8950 b), the best way to obtain 242mAm is by the

Comprehensive Am 242 m neutron-induced reaction cross sections and resonance parameters

The 242 Am metastable isomer’s neutron-induced destruction mechanisms were studied at the Los Alamos Neutron Science Center using the Detector for Advanced Neutron-Capture Experiments array with a

Nuclear energy conversion with stacks of graphene nanocapacitors

It is shown that during the deceleration process more than 90% of kinetic energy of charged nuclear reaction products is converted to electric energy and stored as electric energy in a stack of charged capacitors with a gap size of 500 nm and graphene electrodes.

Detailed Design of 242mAm Breeding in Pressurized Water Reactors

Abstract There is growing interest in the use of 242m Am as a nuclear fuel. Because of its very high thermal fission cross section and its large number of neutrons released per fission, it can be

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 51 REFERENCES

Neutronic design of a fission converter-based epithermal neutron beam for neutron capture therapy

To meet the needs for neutron capture theory (NCT) irradiations, a high-intensity, high-quality fusion converter-based epithermal neutron beam has been designed for the MITR-II research reactor. This

An americium‐fueled gas core nuclear rocket

A gas core fission reactor that utilizes americium in place of uranium is examined for potential utilization as a nuclear rocket for space propulsion. The isomer 242mAm with a half life of 141 years

An epithermal neutron beam for neutron capture therapy at the Missouri University Research Reactor

In this paper a facility designed to produce a beam of epithermal neutrons for neutron capture therapy is discussed whereby a moderator of Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} plus aluminum is placed near the core of

A Novel Method for Energy Production Using 242mAm as a Nuclear Fuel

A novel system for energy production is presented. This system has a modular composition of homogeneous reactors with H2O and 242mAm as a fuel. These reactors are spheres of 0.11-m radius and

Mcnp Calculations for the Design and Characterisation of the Petten BNCT Epithermal Neutron Beam

The filter assembly which has recently been installed in the HBll beam tube of the High Flux Reactor (HFR) at Petten has been the culmination of two years of intensive activity. This has included a

Small propulsion reactor design based on particle bed reactor concept

In this paper Particle Bed Reactor (PBR) designs are discussed which use /sup 233/U and /sup 242m/Am as fissile materials. A constant total power of 100MW is assumed for all reactors in this study.

Design of a high-flux epithermal neutron beam using 235U fission plates at the Brookhaven Medical Research Reactor.

A design study is described in which 235U fission plates and moderators are used to produce an epithermal neutron beam with higher intensity and better quality than the beam currently in use at the Brookhaven Medical Research Reactor (BMRR).

Conceptual Designs of Epithermal Neutron Beams for Boron Neutron Capture Therapy from Low-Power Reactors

Two concepts for producing epithermal neutron beams with low-power reactors based on a slab reactor plus a similar Al/Al[sub 2]O[sub 3] moderator assembly should be acceptable for BNCT.

Metamorphosis of a 35 Year-Old TRIGA Reactor into a Modern BNCT Facility

Using FiR 1, a 250kW TRIGA reactor as a neutron source for BNCT was screened as a viable option in 1990, but quite soon it was realized that using aluminum-aluminum fluoride moderator a high quality epithermal neutron source was quite feasible.

Epithermal neutron beam for BNCT research at Washington State University

Veterinary radiation oncology researchers at the Washington State University (WSU) School of Veterinary Medicine have made major contributions to the understanding of the in-vivo radiobiology of
...