Homo erectus at Trinil on Java used shells for tool production and engraving

  title={Homo erectus at Trinil on Java used shells for tool production and engraving},
  author={Josephine C.A. Joordens and Francesco d’Errico and Frank P. Wesselingh and Stephen Munro and John de Vos and Jakob Wallinga and Christina Ankj{\ae}rgaard and Tony Reimann and Jan R. Wijbrans and Klaudia F. Kuiper and Herman J. M{\"u}cher and H{\'e}l{\`e}ne Coqueugniot and Vincent Pri{\'e} and Ineke Joosten and Bertil van Os and Anne S. Schulp and Michel Panuel and Victoria M. van der Haas and Wim J. Lustenhouwer and John J. G. Reijmer and Wil Roebroeks},
The manufacture of geometric engravings is generally interpreted as indicative of modern cognition and behaviour. Key questions in the debate on the origin of such behaviour are whether this innovation is restricted to Homo sapiens, and whether it has a uniquely African origin. Here we report on a fossil freshwater shell assemblage from the Hauptknochenschicht (‘main bone layer’) of Trinil (Java, Indonesia), the type locality of Homo erectus discovered by Eugène Dubois in 1891 (refs 2 and 3… 

Scratching the Surface: Engraved Cortex as Portable Art in Pleistocene Sulawesi

Recent excavations at Leang Bulu Bettue, a limestone cave on the Indonesian island of Sulawesi, have yielded a collection of flaked chert and limestone artefacts with cortical surfaces that had been

On holes and strings: Earliest displays of human adornment in the Middle Palaeolithic

It is concluded that between 160 ka BP and 120 ka BP there was a shift from collecting complete valves to perforated ones, which reflects both the desire and the technological ability to suspend shell beads on string to be displayed on the human body.

A myth debunked. The Porosphaera globularis beads and their relation to the onset of symbolic thinking in prehistory

Results revealed that the fossils of the sponge Porosphaera globularis found in the French site of Saint-Acheul were actually not used as ornaments, suggesting the importance of finding strong arguments and evidence to support theories about the development of cognitive abilities in the genus Homo.

Challenges for microwear analysis of fi gurative shell ornaments from pre-Colonial Venezuela Catarina

Article history: Received 17 June 2016 Received in revised form 11 November 2016 Accepted 15 November 2016 Available online xxxx Figurative ornaments displaying biomorphic and geometric designs have

An Upper Palaeolithic engraved human bone associated with ritualistic cannibalism

The sequence of the manipulations suggests that the engraving was a purposeful component of the cannibalistic practice, implying a complex ritualistic funerary behaviour that has never before been recognized for the Palaeolithic period.



Neanderthal Shell Tool Production: Evidence from Middle Palaeolithic Italy and Greece

The vast majority of tools recovered from Palaeolithic sites are made of stone varieties. Only rarely do non-lithic implements come to light, let alone tools produced on marine mollusc shell.

An engraved artifact from Shuidonggou, an Early Late Paleolithic Site in Northwest China

Cognition and symbolic thinking are viewed as important features of modern human behavior. Engraved objects are seen as a hallmark of cognition and symbolism, and even as evidence for language.

The Age of the 20 Meter Solo River Terrace, Java, Indonesia and the Survival of Homo erectus in Asia

The age of the sites and hominins is at least bracketed between these estimates and is older than currently accepted, and may favor an African origin for recent humans who would overlap with H. erectus in time and space.

Non marine Mollusca from fossil horizons in Java with special reference to the Trinil fauna

The entire Dubois Collection is now preserved at Leiden, as a special part of the collections of the Rijksmuseum van Natuurlijke Historie, under the immediate supervision of the collector.

Early Pleistocene 40Ar/39Ar ages for Bapang Formation hominins, Central Jawa, Indonesia

This work investigates the sedimentary framework and hornblende 40Ar/39Ar age for volcanic deposits in the southeast quadrant of the Sangiran dome, and identifies a sequence of sedimentary cycles in which H. erectus fossils are associated with epiclastic pumice.

Trampling the Archaeological Record: An Experimental Study

  • A. Nielsen
  • Environmental Science
    American Antiquity
  • 1991
This paper reports on several experiments carried out to explore the transformations of the archaeological record affected by trampling. These transformations include changes in artifact