Hominid Use of Fire in the Lower and Middle Pleistocene: A Review of the Evidence [and Comments and Replies]

  title={Hominid Use of Fire in the Lower and Middle Pleistocene: A Review of the Evidence [and Comments and Replies]},
  author={Steve R. James and Robin Dennell and Allan S. Gilbert and Henry T. Lewis and John A J Gowlett and Thomas F. Lynch and William C. McGrew and Charles R. Peters and Geoffrey G. Pope and Ann Brower Stahl},
  journal={Current Anthropology},
  pages={1 - 26}
Examen critique des donnees de 30 sites du Pleistocene inferieur et moyen d'Afrique, Asie et Europe, concernant l'utilisation du feu chez les premiers hominides. Les donnees anterieures aux neandertaliens sont equivoques. Discussion du role des processus naturels dans la production du feu. Presentation d'une methode d'evaluation des donnees 

On the Role of Fire in Neandertal Adaptations in Western Europe: Evidence from Pech de l'Azé and Roc de Marsal, France

Though the earliest evidence for the use of fire is a subject of debate, it is clear that by the late Middle Paleolithic, Neandertals in southwest France were able to use fire. The archaeological

Differential Raw Material Use in the Middle Pleistocene of Spain: Evidence from Sierra de Atapuerca, Torralba, Ambrona and Aridos

This article reviews the evidence for planning behaviour in Middle Pleistocene hominids. It documents the way in which raw material procurement and tool production were structured during the Middle

The use of fire and human distribution

The current state of knowledge of the chronology of hominin dispersal into temperate latitudes, from the earliest occupants to the authors' own species, and the archeological evidence for fire use is outlined.

Combustion at the late Early Pleistocene site of Cueva Negra del Estrecho del Río Quípar (Murcia, Spain)

Abstract Control of fire was a hallmark of developing human cognition and an essential technology for the colonisation of cooler latitudes. In Europe, the earliest evidence comes from recent work at

Evidence of Hominin Use and Maintenance of Fire at Zhoukoudian

Evidence for “controlled use of fire” by Homo erectus pekinensis at Zhoukoudian Locality 1 was initially discovered in the early 1930s and was widely accepted as the earliest such record in human

Was the Emergence of Home Bases and Domestic Fire a Punctuated Event? A Review of the Middle Pleistocene Record in Eurasia

The concept of a home-based land use strategy is fundamental for studying recent and prehistoric foraging populations. A proposed datum for the emergence of this behavior is set during later Middle



Montagu Cave in Prehistory: A Descriptive Analysis


Two Hunting Episodes of Middle Palaeolithic Age at La Cotte de Saint-Brelade, Jersey (Channel Islands) in Early Man: Some Precise Moments in the Remote Past.

Accumulation d'os de mammouth et de rhinoceros laineux anterieure au dernier interglaciaire.

Fire and its roles in early hominid lifeways

Discovery of the uses and later the invention of fire-making are fundamental to humanity. Following reports over the last decade of traces of fire found on Lower Pleistocene archaeological sites in

Early archaeological sites, hominid remains and traces of fire from Chesowanja, Kenya

Recent investigations of Lower Pleistocene sites at Chesowanja have yielded in situ Oldowan and Oldowan-like stone artefacts, evidence of fire and a fragmentary ‘robust’ australopithecine cranium.

Hominid occupation of the East-Central Highlands of Ethiopia in the Plio–Pleistocene

Stone artefacts and fossil evidence suggest that hominids did not reach the high plateau of Ethiopia until ∼1.5 Myr ago. Contact between hominids of the plateau and the Rift Valley seems likely.

Evidence on the age of the Asian Hominidae.

  • G. Pope
  • Geography
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 1983
A number of separate lines of evidence indicate that all of the known Asian hominids are less than 1 million years old. A review of paleontologic, radiometric, and paleomagnetic data strongly

Characteristics of an Early Hominid Scavenging Niche [and Comments and Reply]

The characteristics of scavenging opportunities in the Serengeti National Park and Ngorongoro Crater are here documented and applied to the Plio/Pleistocene East Turkana and Olduvai lake basins. The

Increased age estimate for the Lower Palaeolithic hominid site at Olorgesailie, Kenya

The Acheulean is the major stone-tool tradition of Africa, and of much of Asia and Europe, which lasted in Africa from ∼1.5 to 0.15 Myr BP. It is associated with Homo erectus at some sites, and is

Pontnewydd Cave in Wales—a new Middle Pleistocene hominid site

An Acheulian industry in association with a hominid molar has been found at Pontnewydd Cave. This tooth represents the oldest hominid specimen known from Wales and, except for the Swanscombe fossil,