Homer's Moly Identified as Galanthus nivalis L.: Physiologic Antidote to Stramonium Poisoning

  title={Homer's Moly Identified as Galanthus nivalis L.: Physiologic Antidote to Stramonium Poisoning},
  author={Andreas Plaitakis and Roger C. Duvoisin},
  journal={Clinical Neuropharmacology},
The antidotal properties of certain naturally occurring medicinal plants against central nervous system intoxication appear to have been empirically established in ancient times. Homer, in his epic poem, the Odyssey, described a plant, “moly,” used by Odysseus as an antidote against Circe's poisonous drugs. Centrally acting anticholinergic agents are thought to have been used by Circe to induce amnesia and a delusional state in Odysseus' crew. We present evidence to support the hypothesis that… 

Galanthum nivalis Extract is Neurologically Active and Improves Anxiety and Social Interactions in Mesocricetus auratus

G. nivalis extract is a neurologically active natural product with behaviorally relevant effects that improved anxiety-like behavior in hamsters, as evidenced by increased time free roaming, moving, and interacting with objects, while improving social interactions.

The pharmacology of galanthamine and its analogues.

  • A. Harvey
  • Biology, Chemistry
    Pharmacology & therapeutics
  • 1995

The Snowdrop (Galanthus Nivalis): From Odysseus to Alzheimer

  • M. Lee
  • Psychology
    Proceedings of the Royal College of Physicians of Edinburgh
  • 1999
INTRODUCTION The author Robert Graves, in his work on Greek mythology published some years ago, suggested that such myths embodied folk memories of ancient knowledge. For this reason, if no other,

Drugs in greek mythology and medicine

Geomythology has revealed that the ancient Greeks were aware of the importance of hygiene, and for this reason changed the flow of rivers, drained lakes, and built dams.Excavations in Asia, Egypte

The first phytochemical report of Galanthus transcaucasicus Fomin

Because of the presence of biologically active alkaloids especially galanthamine and the major alkaloid lycorine in Gol-e-Barfi, the plant may be used as a natural source for pharmaceutical purposes.

Is traditional medicinal use of leek species mainly related to ALLIUM SATIVUM L. and in what cases is garlic contraindicated1?

Allium sativum L. , a traditional health food and medicine, has been scientifically researched and the results thereof confirmed the reputation of garlic as a valuable medicinal plant. However the

The role of anticholinergics in asthma and COPD

The pharmaceutical progeny of antimuscarinic botanicals are now the cornerstone of bronchodilator therapy in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and a useful supplemental bronchidilator for patients with asthma.

Biological Activities of Snowdrop (Galanthus spp., Family Amaryllidaceae)

This review aims to discuss the bioactivities of Galanthus spp including anticholinesterase, antimicrobial, antioxidant and anticancer potential of the extracts and chemical constituents of Galans spp.