Home gardens: neglected hotspots of agro-biodiversity and cultural diversity

  title={Home gardens: neglected hotspots of agro-biodiversity and cultural diversity},
  author={Gea Galluzzi and Pablo B. Eyzaguirre and Valeria Negri},
  journal={Biodiversity and Conservation},
Over the last two decades, the importance of conserving genetic resources has received increasing attention. In this context the role of home gardens as repositories of biological diversity has been acknowledged but still a comprehensive, interdisciplinary investigation of their agro-biodiversity is lacking. Home gardens, whether found in rural or urban areas, are characterized by a structural complexity and multifunctionality which enables the provision of different benefits to ecosystems and… Expand

Tables from this paper

The Transmission of Home Garden Knowledge: Safeguarding Biocultural Diversity and Enhancing Social–Ecological Resilience
ABSTRACT The last decades have witnessed a growing research interest of local ecological knowledge (LEK), with some research focusing on its effective transmission for natural resource management.Expand
Plants in traditional home gardens: richness, composition, conservation and implications for native biodiversity in Benin
The contribution of home gardens to the maintenance of plant species diversity at regional and global levels than local level is acknowledged and home garden plant species were mostly rare and threatened at the home garden level. Expand
Crop diversity in homegardens of southwest Uganda and its importance for rural livelihoods
Homegardens are traditional food systems that have been adapted over generations to fit local cultural and ecological conditions. They provide a year-round diversity of nutritious foods forExpand
Opportunities and challenges of adopting home garden agroforestry practices in Ethiopia: A review
Abstract Home gardens enable farmers to secure their food availability, mitigate environmental change, increase consistency of social-cultural values and protect species provenance. On the otherExpand
Functional diversity of home gardens and their agrobiodiversity conservation benefits in Benin, West Africa
Functional diversity of home gardens was analyzed, showing that multifunctional home gardens had higher plant species diversity and multiple functional home gardens were related to higher plant diversity, but there was no guarantee for long-term maintenance of plant species in home gardens. Expand
Effects of Landscape Structure on Medicinal Plant Richness in Home Gardens: Evidence for the Environmental Scarcity Compensation Hypothesis
This study examines the relationship between the richness of home garden medicinal plants and landscape variables and contributes evidence in support of the environmental scarcity compensation hypothesis, which supports the idea that home gardens appear to function as a springboard for plant domestication. Expand
Analysis of the agrobiodiversity of home gardens in the tropical regions of México
Traditional land use systems such as home gardens serve as a reservoir for plant genetic resources. Mexico is one of the centre of origin of cultivated plants and one of the richest countries inExpand
Socioecological features of plant diversity in domestic gardens in the city of Bogotá, Colombia.
Abstract Domestic gardens contribute substantially to green spaces in cities, where urbanization removes and fragments natural landscapes, causing the loss of biodiversity and the homogenization ofExpand
Agrobiodiversity of Home Gardens in Selected Marginal Upland Villages of Inopacan, Leyte, Philippines
Home gardens are subsistence crop production systems that significantly contribute to the socio-ecological resilience of peasant communities reducing vulnerability and ensuring food security. BecauseExpand
Agrobiodiversity and in situ conservation in quilombola home gardens with different intensities of urbanization
Among the agricultural environments of traditional communities, home gardens are frequently cited as high agrobiodiversity sites. However, the agrobiodiversity of home gardens along a rural-urbanExpand


Cultivated plant species diversity in home gardens of an Amazonian peasant village in Northeastern Peru
Research on agrobiodiversity points to the importance of home gardens in situ conservation, yet few studies to date explicate the origins and dynamics of plant species diversity. In this paper, weExpand
Inventorying plant biodiversity in homegardens: A case study in Barak Valley, Assam, North East India
The homegardens were found to be complex with plant diversity conserved through their use, and the role of the rural people in the management and preservation of biodiversity in their traditional home-gardening systems was examined. Expand
Home gardens in western Nepal: opportunities and challenges for on-farm management of agrobiodiversity
Home gardens are defined as a system of production of diverse crop plant species, which can be adjacent to household or slightly further away and is easily accessible. Species composition andExpand
The Role of Home Gardens in Promoting Multi‐Functional Agriculture in Hungary
Home gardens are small-scale family farms managed with traditional methods. Throughout Hungary's history, they have provided food security and diet quality to families who have faced volatile foodExpand
Integrating Trees into Agriculture: The Home Garden Agroecosystem as an Example of Agroforestry in the Tropics
The diversification of agroecosystems with the incorporation of trees is a practice that has a lengthy history. This is especially true in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world whereExpand
The comparative value of wild and domestic plants in home gardens of a South African rural village
Rural inhabitants make considerable use of wild resources from communal areas around their settlements, as well as from arable and residential plots. These wild resources compete with the main cropsExpand
Landraces in central Italy: where and why they are conserved and perspectives for their on-farm conservation
  • V. Negri
  • Biology
  • Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution
  • 2004
Four hundred and twenty-seven landraces belonging to different plant species were found on-farm in central Italy during exploration and collecting missions carried out since 1981, finding their resistance/good productivity under difficult or harsh climatic conditions, traditional reasons or organoleptic peculiarities. Expand
Cereal landraces for sustainable agriculture. A review
This review of the current status and prospects for landraces of cereals in the context of sustainable agriculture considers their potential as sources of novel disease and abiotic stress resistance genes or combination of genes if deployed appropriately, of phytonutrients accompanied with optimal micronutrient concentrations which can help alleviate aging-related and chronic diseases, and of nutrient use efficiency traits. Expand
Urban domestic gardens ( IX ) : Composition and richness of the vascular plant flora , and implications for native biodiversity
Garden floras interact with native biodiversity by providing resources for wildlife and by acting as a source of non-native species. Understanding the composition and richness of garden floras willExpand
Agrobiodiversity with emphasis on plant genetic resources
The most important aspects of biodiversity for conservation are reviewed, particularly primitive cultivars and wild relatives from the centers of origin, diversity, and cultivation. Expand