Homage to Santa Rosalia or Why Are There So Many Kinds of Animals?

@article{Hutchinson1959HomageTS,
  title={Homage to Santa Rosalia or Why Are There So Many Kinds of Animals?},
  author={George Evelyn Hutchinson},
  journal={The American Naturalist},
  year={1959},
  volume={93},
  pages={145 - 159}
}
  • G. Hutchinson
  • Published 1 May 1959
  • Biology, Geography
  • The American Naturalist
When you did me the honor of asking me to fill your presidential chair, I accepted perhaps without duly considering the duties of the president of a society, founded largely to further the study of evolution, at the close of the year that marks the centenary of Darwin and Wallace's initial presentation of the theory of natural selection. It seemed to me that most of the significant aspects of modern evolutionary theory have come either from geneticists, or from those heroic museum workers who… 
SKEPTICISM TOWARDS SANTA ROSALIA, OR WHY ARE THERE SO FEW KINDS OF ANIMALS?
  • J. Felsenstein
  • Biology, Medicine
    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1981
TLDR
In a classic paper, Hutchinson (1959) set the tone for much of the ecological work done during the past 20 years by suggesting that ecologists try to explain the numbers of species of animals by explaining how the species could coexist.
Two Decades of Homage to Santa Rosalia: Toward a General Theory of Diversity
TLDR
The development of theoretical community ecology over the last two decades is examined in an attempt to determine why some avenues of investigation have proven disappointing, whereas others, such as the theory of island biogeography, have enjoyed at least modest success.
Natural Selection and Ecological Theory
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It is argued that much of the controversy over the mechanisms of control of animal populations in nature has involved peripheral issues and that its perpetuation will continue to result in wasted efforts on the part of ecologists and will add to the confusion among interested non-ecological biologists as to what ecologists are really concerned about.
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It is argued that even apparent generalists are filling distinct ecological niches and that generalism warrants additional investigation to establish its scope and credentials.
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The detection of character displacement has now achieved a rigorous standard by which six criteria need to be met before the claim can be made confidently, and two recent publications in the Journal of Biogeography meet, in part, these rigorous standards, and extend the thinking on this subject.
AND THE KINDS OF MANIFEST EVOLUTION
TLDR
From the standpoint of the naturalist interested in the evolution and overall biology of any particular organism or group of organisms, the curious position of having detailed explanations of some aspects of phenomena without knowing exactly what are the phenomena that the authors are trying to explain.
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TLDR
Rather than simply asking why these insects are so diverse, the book succeeds in highlighting what the authors can learn about speciation by studying herbivorous insects, and may just change the minds of even the most skeptical readers.
SANTA ROSALIA RECONSIDERED: SIZE RATIOS AND COMPETITION
TLDR
Interest in the importance of size differences for coexistence has led to two related ideas, codified in textbooks and cited very frequently.
Setting the scene… meeting up with Darwin and Wallace
TLDR
In 1858 the theory of evolution by means of natural selection was born, and especially Darwin who in the following year, 1859, published his magnum opus–On the Origin of Species is now generally accepted by most biologists and many others worldwide.
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