Holocene dwarf mammoths from Wrangel Island in the Siberian Arctic

@article{Vartanyan1993HoloceneDM,
  title={Holocene dwarf mammoths from Wrangel Island in the Siberian Arctic},
  author={Sergey L. Vartanyan and V. E. Garutt and Andrei V. Sher},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1993},
  volume={362},
  pages={337-340}
}
THE cause of extinction of the woolly mammoth, Mammuthus primigenius (Blumenbach), is still debated. A major environmental change at the Pleistocene–Holocene boundary, hunting by early man, or both together are among the main explanations that have been suggested. But hardly anyone has doubted that mammoths had become extinct everywhere by around 9,500 years before present (BP). We report here new discoveries on Wrangel Island in the Arctic Ocean that force this view to be revised. Along with… 
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Comparative analysis of the mammoth populations on Wrangel Island and the Channel Islands
At the end of the Pleistocene the range of distribution of the woolly mammoth (Mammuthus primigenius) appreciably moved to the extreme northern portions of Eurasia. At the boundary of the Late
Pleistocene to Holocene extinction dynamics in giant deer and woolly mammoth
TLDR
It is shown that another spectacular megafaunal species, the giant deer or ‘Irish elk’, survived to around 6,900 radiocarbon yr bp (about 7,700 yr ago) in western Siberia—more than three millennia later than its previously accepted terminal date—and therefore, that the reasons for its ultimate demise are to be sought in Holocene not Pleistocene events.
Climate Change, Humans, and the Extinction of the Woolly Mammoth
TLDR
It is shown that suitable climate conditions for the mammoth reduced drastically between the Late Pleistocene and the Holocene, and 90% of its geographical range disappeared, with the remaining suitable areas in the mid-Holocene being mainly restricted to Arctic Siberia, which is where the latest records of woolly mammoths in continental Asia have been found.
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