Holocene Eruptions of Mauna Kea Volcano, Hawaii

  title={Holocene Eruptions of Mauna Kea Volcano, Hawaii},
  author={Stephen C. Porter},
  pages={375 - 377}
  • S. C. Porter
  • Published 23 April 1971
  • Geology, Environmental Science
  • Science
Postglacial lava flows, interstratified with thick locally derived sheets of tephra, cover some 27.5 square kilometers on the south slope of Mauna Kea. Most of the volcanics were erupted about 4500 years ago and overlie a regionally extensive paleosol which developed largely during the last glaciation. 

Buried Caldera of Mauna Kea Volcano, Hawaii

Stratigraphic relationships indicate that hawaiite eruptions began before a pre-Wisconsin period of ice-cap glaciation and that the crest of the mountain attained its present altitude and gross form during a glaciation of probable Early Wisconsin age.


Permafrost was discovered in 1969 at an altitude of 4,140 m near the surface of Summit Cone crater on Mauna Kea, a dormant volcano

Subglacial Volcanism in North-Central British Columbia and Iceland

The subglacial genesis of five volcanoes in British Columbia has been confirmed by field and laboratory studies and by comparison with the stapar (table mountains) of Iceland. Two of the Canadian

Thermoluminescence of Hawaiian basalts

The thermoluminescence (TL) of eight Hawaiian basalt flows, ranging in age from 12 to 17,360 years, was studied to test the feasibility of TL as a dating technique. Plagioclase from tholeiitic basalt

Mineralogy of three slightly palagonitized basaltic tephra samples from the summit of Mauna Kea, Hawaii

Certain palagonites from Hawaii are considered to be among the best analogs for Martian fines, based upon similar spectral properties. For this study, three distinctly colored layers were sampled

Geomagnetic paleointensities from radiocarbon‐dated lava flows on Hawaii and the question of the Pacific nondipole low

Radiocarbon ages have been published for nine basaltic lava flows on the island of Hawaii; the ages range from 2600 to somewhat older than 17,900 years B.P. By using the Thelliers' method in vacuum,

Hydrothermal Origin of the Clays from the Upper Slopes of Mauna Kea, Hawaii

The soils of the summit region of Mauna Kea are similar to the soils of the high mountain deserts and to the soils of cold deserts. Dramatic differences, however, exist between the soils of the

The 1973 Hawaii earthquake: a double earthquake beneath the volcano Mauna Kea

Summary. The 1973 Hawaii earthquake occurred north of Hilo, at a depth of 40 to 50km. The location was beneath the east flank of Mauna Kea, a volcano dormant historically, but active within the last

Thermoluminescence dating of Hawaiian alkalic basalts

The thermoluminescence (TL) properties of plagioclase separates from 10 independently dated alkalic basalts from the Hawaiian Islands were studied for the purpose of developing a TL dating method for

Monitoring Tropical Alpine Lake Levels in a Culturally Sensitive Environment Utilizing 3D Technological Approaches

Abstract Lake Waiau is a tropical alpine lake situated near the summit of Mauna Kea on the Island of Hawai‘i at an elevation of 3969 m. The lake is a place of Hawaiian cultural practice that




Wentworth and Powers have described four stages of glaciation on Mauna Kea, Hawaii. The type localities of the deposits have been studied by the writer, and only the latest or Makanaka deposits can

General Features and Glacial Geology of Mauna Kea, Hawaii

INTRODUCTION The four volcanic masses whose coalescing bases form the island of Hawaii are substantially alike in petrographie composition; all of them bear cinder cones on their flanks, and lava

Deep Layer of Sediments in Alpine Lake in the Tropical Mid-Pacific

Sediments from a unique high-altitude lake on Hawaii indicate ash falls and other airborne and waterborne materials for a period estimated to extend into the Pleistocene.

Isotopes’ Radiocarbon Measurements VIII

This date list presents results of samples measured at ISOTOPES during 1968 and 1969 and several measurements made previously for which complete sample data has recently been received.

Kipukas are island-like areas of older land surrounded by later lava flows

    Tephra is a collectivc term for all air-deposited pyroclastic sediments ejected from a volcanic vent during an eruption

    • Surv. Prof. Pap. 400-B
    • 1945

    Supported by NSF grant GA-20320. I thank G. A. Macdonald for reviewing a draft of this paper