Holding on to childhood language memory

  title={Holding on to childhood language memory},
  author={Janet S. Oh and Sun-Ah Jun and Leah M. Knightly and Terry Kit-fong Au},

Early childhood language memory in the speech perception of international adoptees*

Results revealed an advantage for adoptee participants in identifying some Korean phonemes, suggesting that some components of early childhood language memory can remain intact despite many years of disuse, and that relearning a language can help in accessing such a memory.

Early childhood language memory in the speech perception of international adoptees

It is as yet unclear whether the benefits of early linguistic experiences can be maintained without at least some minimal continued exposure to the language. This study compared 12 adults adopted

Early phonology revealed by international adoptees' birth language retention

Dutch adults who had heard Korean early in life but had forgotten it learned to identify an unfamiliar three-way Korean consonant distinction significantly faster than controls without such experience, indicating that phonological knowledge is indeed in place before age 6 mo.

Salvaging a Childhood Language.

Childhood Language Memory in Adult Heritage Language (Re)Learners

This chapter first reviews the authors’ investigations into the potential benefits of early childhood experiences with a heritage language on later language (re)learning among immigrant-background

Preserved Implicit Knowledge of a Forgotten Childhood Language

This research highlights the lasting impact of early language experience in shaping speech perception, and the value of exposing children to foreign languages even if such exposure does not continue into adulthood.

Early development of abstract language knowledge: evidence from perception–production transfer of birth-language memory

Children adopted early in life into another linguistic community typically forget their birth language but retain, unaware, relevant linguistic knowledge that may facilitate (re)learning of

English Attrition in Korean-English Bilingual Children

Despite extensive work on language acquisition, childhood language attrition has remained largely unstudied, perhaps because losing a language is perceived to present fewer intellectual challenges

First Language Phonetic Drift During Second Language Acquisition

Results of two acoustic case studies indicate that experience with Korean rapidly influences the production of English, and that the effect is one of assimilation to phonetic properties of Korean.



Overhearing a Language During Childhood

It is revealed that adults learning a language speak with a more nativelike accent if they overheard the language regularly during childhood than if they did not.

The modification of speech perception and production in second-language learning

It was concluded that learning at the phonetic level does occur during second-language acquisition and both perception and production of voicing towards the English monolingual pattern.

When Learning a Second Language Means Losing the First.

A Critical Period for Learning to Pronounce Foreign Languages

This article discusses the Critical Period Hypothesis (CPH) as it relates to the naturalistic acquisition of foreign-language (L2) pronunciation by adults and children. An examination of the existing

Maturational Constraints on Language Development

This article reviews the second language research on age-related differences, as well as first language work needed to disambiguate some of the findings. Five conclusions are drawn, (a) Both the

Age of learning affects the authenticity of voice-onset time (VOT) in stop consonants produced in a second language.

  • J. Flege
  • Linguistics
    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
  • 1991
The results are interpreted to mean that individuals who learn a L2 in early childhood, but not those who learn an L2 later in life, are able to establish phonetic categories for sounds in the L2 that differ acoustically from correspondingSounds in the native language.

A sensitive period for the acquisition of a nonnative phonological system

Immigrants who had learned English at various ages and who had been in the United States for various amounts of time were judged for degree of accent in English. It was found that age at arrival was

The Learning of Languages

IN THIS article I wish to set forth my language experience as a student, teacher and soldier, plus giving some thoughts on the method of learning foreign languages. Hence, this paper might be