Hockey success and birth date: The relative age effect revisited

  title={Hockey success and birth date: The relative age effect revisited},
  author={J. E. Nolan and Grace L Howell},
  journal={International Review for the Sociology of Sport},
  pages={507 - 512}
  • J. E. NolanG. Howell
  • Published 9 July 2010
  • Psychology
  • International Review for the Sociology of Sport
In a replication of studies by Barnsley et al. (1985), and Grondin et al. (1984) the authors gathered birthdates of players in the National Hockey League (NHL), Western Hockey League (WHL), Ontario Hockey League (OHL), and Quebec Major Junior Hockey League (QMJHL). The players were categorized according to month of birth. Additionally, the players were categorized by country of birth, reflecting the changes in professional hockey over the period since the original studies. The results indicate… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Relative Age Effect in Masters Sports

It is concluded that the relative age effect exists in many sports including baseball, cricket, ice hockey, soccer, swimming, and tennis; across a number of countries; and at various levels of competition (i.e., varying from professional young adult athletes to top-level adolescents).

The relative age effect reversal among the National Hockey League elite

Using roster data on North American National Hockey League (NHL) players from the 2008–2009 season to the 2015–2016 season, this work document a RAE reversal—players born in the last quarter of the year (October-December) score more and command higher salaries than thoseBorn in the first quarter ofThe year.

A behavioural dynamic model of the relative age effect

This model effectively replicates the birth month distribution of Canadian National Hockey League players when driven by Canadian birth distributions and uses this model to evaluate three policies that aim to lessen the relative age effect (RAE) in Canadian youth hockey.

The rise of the underdog? The relative age effect reversal among Canadian-born NHL hockey players: A reply to Nolan and Howell

The relative age effect associated with cut-off dates for hockey eligibility has been an ongoing debate in certain academic circles and in the popular media. The effect is primarily found in Canadian

Evidence of the relative age effect in football in Australia

The birth date distributions of elite male and female footballers in Australia, from junior youth (age 14 and upwards) to senior (professional) players, were examined. A statistically significant

Relative Age Effect in Russian Elite Hockey.

The RAE prevalence was high among all age groups of recruits of the leading Russian hockey academies and junior teams, and more players born in the fourth quarter of the year were identified in elite adult teams.

A Closer Look at the Relative Age Effect in the National Hockey League

At young ages, a few extra months of development can make a big difference in size, strength, and athletic ability. A child who turns 5 years old in January will be nearly 20% older by the time a

Relative age effects in American professional football

Abstract We test for the existence of relative age effects in professional American football. In a sample of 18,898 football players born on or after 1940, there is an excess of January and February

The Relative Age Effect in the 2013 FIFA U-17 Soccer World Cup Competition

The results of this investigation show that at the highest level of youth soccer, the RAE still exists and is a strong bias toward inclusion of players born early in the concerned year.

Relative age effects and academic timing in Canadian interuniversity football

ABSTRACT Relative age effects (RAEs) explain the (dis)advantages individuals experience as a result of when they are born relative to a pre-determined cut-off date. Within an interuniversity setting,



Birthdate and success in minor hockey: The key to the NHL

Previous research (Barnsley, Thompson, & Barnsley, 198S) demonstrated an extremely strong linear relationship between the month of birth (from January to December) and the likelihood of playing in

“Born to Play Ball” The Relative Age Effect and Major League Baseball

The records of 837 major league baseball players were examined in order to determine whether the Little League age eligibility criterion, based on the month of birth, affected participation rate at

Developmental contexts and sporting success: birth date and birthplace effects in national hockey league draftees 2000–2005

Objectives: To examine relative age and birth place effects in hockey players drafted to play in the National Hockey League (NHL) between 2000 and 2005 and determine whether these factors influenced

A Proposal to Reduce the Age Discrimination in Canadian Minor Hockey

There is strong relationship between birthmonth and the chance that a Canadian minor hockey player will play at an elite level. Players born in the early months of the year have an advantage. This is

Family Planning: Football Style. The Relative Age Effect in Football

Recent studies indicate that month of birth is related to achievement in a number of sports. Birth dates were collected for all players on teams competing in the 1990 World Cup and the 1989 Under-17s

A New Factor in Youth Suicide: The Relative Age Effect

The present study demonstrates that the relative age effect is also a factor in youth suicide, and suggests that the higher incidence of youth suicide in the group of relatively younger school children may have resulted from poorer school performance, which in turn led to lowered confidence and self esteem.

Unequal Competition as an Impediment to Personal Development: A Review of the Relative Age Effect in Sport☆

Abstract Children born shortly before the cutoff date for age grouping in youth sport programs suffer from being promoted to higher age groups earlier than their later-born peers. Skewed birthdate

How Pervasive Are Relative Age Effects in Secondary School Education

Relative age effects (RAEs; R. H. Barnsley, A. H. Thompson, & P. E. Barnsley, 1985) convey school attainment (dis)advantages depending on whether one is relatively older or younger within annually

Hockey success and birthdate: The relative age effect. Canadian Association of Health

  • Physical Education and Recreation (CAHPER) Journal
  • 1985