Hobbes and the Congo: Frames, Local Violence, and International Intervention

@article{Autesserre2009HobbesAT,
  title={Hobbes and the Congo: Frames, Local Violence, and International Intervention},
  author={S{\'e}verine Autesserre},
  journal={International Organization},
  year={2009},
  volume={63},
  pages={249 - 280}
}
Abstract Why do international peacebuilders fail to address the local causes of peace process failures? The existing explanations of peacebuilding failures, which focus on constraints and vested interests, do not explain the international neglect of local conflict. In this article, I show how discursive frames shape international intervention and preclude international action on local violence. Drawing on more than 330 interviews, multi-sited ethnography, and document analysis, I develop a case… 
International Peacebuilding as a Case of Structural Injustice
  • Lou Pingeot
  • Political Science
    International Peacekeeping
  • 2019
ABSTRACT In the face of the repeated failure of international peacebuilding to build peace, one strand of the literature argues that failure can only be understood by ‘zooming in’ – by focusing on
Local violence and international intervention in Sudan
The efforts of the international community to build peace in Sudan have been frustrated by the failure to stop the violence in Darfur, continuous setbacks in the implementation of the 2005 peace
UN Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding: Progress and Paradox in Local Ownership
  • S. Campbell
  • Political Science
    Ethics & International Affairs
  • 2020
Abstract UN peace operations have increasingly focused on the importance of “local ownership.” The logic is simple. For peace operations to succeed in helping war-torn states to create accountable,
ENGENDERING SECURITY: LESSONS FROM POST-CONFLICT CENTRAL AMERICA
Analyzing post-conflict contexts from a feminist perspective sheds light on an important, yet overlooked, fact in peacebuilding research: While human rights are formally recognized and codified by
Shifting targets: the effect of peacekeeping on postwar violence
Existing research shows that peace after civil wars is more stable with peacekeepers present. Yet, violence persists in many postwar contexts, and although postwar violence is often strategic and
Contextualising Liberal Peacebuilding for Local Circumstances: Unmiss and Local Peacebuilding in South Sudan
In recent literature on international peacekeeping and peacebuilding interventions, attention has been drawn increasingly to local level dynamics and the reciprocal relationships with national
United Nations Peacekeeping Locally: Enabling Conflict Resolution, Reducing Communal Violence
United Nations peacekeeping operations (UN PKOs) increasingly engage with local communities to support peace processes in war-torn countries. Yet, while existing research tends to focus on the
Peace without agency? : the emergence and persistence of peacebuilding as a depoliticized practice
Since the early 1990s, building peace in war-­‐torn societies has emerged as a new field of international practice. Given its ad hoc
Sudan's uncivil war: the global–historical constitution of political violence
It is commonplace to characterise political violence and war in Africa as ‘internal’, encapsulated in the apparently neutral term ‘civil war’. As such, accounts of political violence tend to focus
Talking past each other: Regional and domestic resistance in the Burundian intervention scene
Peacebuilding attempts invoke a considerable amount of friction. In this article we argue that these frictional encounters can be made visible by focusing on articulations of resistance voiced by
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 93 REFERENCES
D. R. Congo: Explaining Peace Building Failures, 2003-2006
As a corrective to the emphasis on national and international reconciliation during peace building processes, I develop here a conceptual analysis of the dynamics of violence during the transition
Local Violence, National Peace? Postwar “Settlement” in the Eastern D.R. Congo (2003–2006)
Abstract: This article develops a conceptual analysis of the dynamics of violence during the transition from war to peace and democracy in the Democratic Republic of Congo between 2003 and 2006. I
Conflict and social transformation in eastern DR Congo
The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) is currently emerging from a decade of calamitous war. The contributors suggest that the chronic violence cannot be understood purely with reference to the
Historical frames and the politics of humanitarian intervention: from Ethiopia, Somalia to Rwanda
  • I. Shaw
  • Political Science, Sociology
  • 2007
This article argues that historical frames we often find in news media discourse can skew the way we perceive distant wars, and that this can have a knock‐on effect on international humanitarian
Peacekeeping and the Constraints of Global Culture
Why do peacekeeping agencies, such as the United Nations, pursue certain strategies and not others? Most accounts suggest that peace-keeping mandates reflect the interests of major parties, along
Spoiler Problems in Peace Processes
  • S. Stedman
  • Political Science
    International Security
  • 1997
confirm a basic finding from the study of civil war termination: ”peacemaking is a risky business.”’ The greatest source of risk comes from spoilers-leaders and parties who believe that peace
Who Are the Darfurians? Arab and African Identities, Violence and External Engagement
This article examines processes of identity formation in Darfur, now part of the Republic of Sudan, over the last four centuries. The basic story is of four overlapping processes of identity
Balkan Tragedy: Chaos and Dissolution after the Cold War
Yugoslavia was well positioned at the end of the cold war to make a successful transition to a market economy and westernization. Yet two years later, the country had ceased to exist, and devastating
Ethnicity, Insurgency, and Civil War
An influential conventional wisdom holds that civil wars proliferated rapidly with the end of the Cold War and that the root cause of many or most of these has been ethnic and religious antagonisms.
Electing to Fight: Why Emerging Democracies Go to War
Electing to Fight: Why Emerging Democracies Go to War. By Edward D. Mansfield and Jack Snyder. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2005. 300p. $32.95. Edward Mansfield and Jack Snyder's article
...
...