Hoaxing statistical features of the Voynich Manuscript

  title={Hoaxing statistical features of the Voynich Manuscript},
  author={Gordon Rugg and Gavin Taylor},
  pages={247 - 268}
ABSTRACT In a previous article, the first author demonstrated that simple materials and techniques could produce meaningless text of comparable complexity to the text in the Voynich Manuscript, at a speed which made a hoax a feasible explanation. The table and grille method described in that article also replicated the main qualitative features of the text in the Voynich Manuscript. In this article, the authors demonstrate that the same table and grille method can also replicate the main… 
A possible generating algorithm of the Voynich manuscript
The results support the so-called “hoax hypothesis,” i.e., interpretation of the text as a set of meaningless strings, and present a concrete text-generator algorithm (the “self-citation” process), easily executable without additional tools even by a medieval scribe.
On the Voynich manuscript
The intriguing, multilateral statistical matches render the investigated sections of these two documents into the same linguistic universality class, suggesting that most likely the Voynich manuscript carries no rationally comprehensible content, offering also a plausible explanation why the ciphertext was unbreakable so far.
A Hidden Markov Model for the Linguistic Analysis of the Voynich Manuscript
  • L. Acedo
  • Linguistics, Computer Science
    Mathematical and Computational Applications
  • 2019
A hidden Markov model is applied to analyze the underlying structure of an ancient and complex manuscript, known as the Voynich manuscript, which remains undeciphered and concludes that transitions occur between the two states with similar frequencies to other languages.
The Cardan grille approach to the Voynich MS taken to the next level
It is shown that the unusual word length distribution of the Voynich MS, which is very close to binomial, could be a consequence of the application of the table-and-grille method, and it is argued that this method could not only be used to create meaningless text, but also to encode meaningful text.
Word Probability Findings in the Voynich Manuscript
The Voynich Manuscript has baffled scholars for centuries. Some believe the elaborate 15th century codex to be a hoax whilst others believe it is a real medieval manuscript whose contents are as yet
The Voynich manuscript: Symbol roles revisited
The results suggest the possibility that the alphabet of the manuscript is a lot smaller, and steganographic type of encoding is proposed to explain the newly revealed properties.
Topic Modeling in the Voynich Manuscript
It is found that computationally derived clusters match closely to a conjunction of scribe and subject matter (as per the illustrations), providing further evidence that the Voynich Manuscript contains meaningful text.
The Linguistics of the Voynich Manuscript
The Voynich Manuscript is a fifteenth-century illustrated cipher manuscript. In this overview of recent approaches to the Voynich Manuscript, we summarize and evaluate current work on the language ...
Mathematical Modelling in Engineering & Human Behaviour 2018
The Chikungunya virus is the cause of an emerging disease in Asia and Africa, and also in America, where the virus was first detected in 2006. In this paper, we present a mathematical model of the
Linguistic Missing Links: Instruction in Decrypting, Translating and Transliterating the Only Document Known to Use Both Proto-Romance Language and Proto-Italic Symbols for Its Writing System
This paper provides the solution to understanding the hitherto unknown writing system used for the manuscript listed as MS 408 at the Beinecke Library, Yale University. The writing system uses


Keywords and Co-Occurrence Patterns in the Voynich Manuscript: An Information-Theoretic Analysis
It is shown that the Voynich manuscript presents a complex organization in the distribution of words that is compatible with those found in real language sequences and gives support to the presence of a genuine message inside the book.
The spectral analysis of the text without spaces suggests that the Voynich manuscript shares similar properties with natural languages and is not a random collection of characters.
The Voynich Manuscript: Evidence of the Hoax Hypothesis
The results significantly tighten the boundaries for possible interpretations; they suggest that the Voynich manuscript has been generated by a stochastic process rather than by encoding or encryption of language.
The Voynich Manuscript - An Elegant Enigma
Abstract : In spite of all the papers that others have written about the manuscript, there is no complete survey of all the approaches, ideas, background information and analytic studies that have
How the Voynich Manuscript was created
By means of a detailed analysis of similar spelled words it was possible to reveal the text generation method used for the Voynich manuscript.
The Blind Spot
HELMHOLTZ, in his "Handbuch der physiologischen Optik" (1867), stated that the demonstration of the blind spot of the eye, the discovery of which was communicated by the Abbé Edme Mariotte to the
Solved: the Ciphers in Book III of Trithemius's Steganographia
  • J. Reeds
  • Computer Science, History
  • 1998
Book III of Trithemius's Steganographia can no longer be regarded as one of the main early modern demonological treatises but instead stands unambiguously revealed as the first book-length treatment of cryptography in Europe.
Méthodes d'analyse du langage crypté : une contribution à l'étude du manuscrit de Voynich
L'enigme du manuscrit de voynich semble etre nee d'une generation spontanee. Le manuscrit fut decouvert une premiere fois a la fin du xvieme siecle et l'idee s'imposait deja, comme une evidence, que
Some important new statistical findings
  • Proceedings of a Seminar held on 30 November 1976, ed. M. E. D’Imperio. Washington, DC. Privately Printed Pamphlet. November 30, 1976. http://www.voynich.net/reeds/currier.html (accessed August 25, 2014).
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The mystery of the Voynich manuscript.
  • G. Rugg
  • Art, Medicine
    Scientific American
  • 2004