History of urolithiasis

@article{Eknoyan2004HistoryOU,
  title={History of urolithiasis},
  author={Garabed Eknoyan},
  journal={Clinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism},
  year={2004},
  volume={2},
  pages={177-185}
}
  • G. Eknoyan
  • Published 1 September 2004
  • Medicine
  • Clinical Reviews in Bone and Mineral Metabolism
The history of urolithiasis dates back to the dawn of civilization. The symptoms, signs, and treatment of kidney and bladder stones are chronicled in most extant ancient medical texts, and cutting for stones in the bladder is one of the oldest elective surgical procedures recorded. Physicians performed perineal lithotomy until the Middle Ages, when prejudice against surgical procedures relegated them to barber surgeons, lithotomists, and the clergy. The anatomical studies of the Renaissance led… 
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