History of the use of balloons in scientific experiments

  title={History of the use of balloons in scientific experiments},
  author={Georg Pfotzer},
  journal={Space Science Reviews},
  • G. Pfotzer
  • Published 1972
  • Physics
  • Space Science Reviews
Balloons and Quadcopters: Intercomparison of Two Low-Cost Wind Profiling Methods
Experimental field campaigns are an essential part of atmospheric research, as well as of university education in the field of atmospheric physics and meteorology. Experimental field observations areExpand
Light Pollution Mapping from a Stratospheric High-Altitude Balloon Platform
The NITELite (Night Imaging of Terrestrial Environments Lite) system is a method of collecting regional-scale light emissions data from a latex high-altitude balloon (LHAB) platform. An LHAB canExpand
MoCRiS a low-cost stratospheric balloon platform to measure the particle flux of cosmic ray showers in the high atmosphere.
In June 2019 from the region of Calabria (Italy) our group launched the Stratospheric Balloon MoCRiS (Measurement of Cosmic Ray in Stratosphere) that reached up to 35111 meters. MoCRiS is aExpand
Atmospheric Neutron Monitoring through Optical Fiber-Based Sensing
The presented results open the way to the development of a point-like or even a distributed dosimeter for natural or man-made neutron-rich environments. Expand
Design and test of autonomous scientific payloads for sounding balloons
Two autonomous payloads for stratospheric sounding balloon designed, assembled and tested at University of Padova, one devoted to measurement of light pollution, the other to tracking and automatic identification of targets on ground are described. Expand
Effects of auditory and visual feedback on remote pilot manual flying performance
The inclusion of real-time auditory feedback as an additional sensory cue is uncommon and demonstrated nuanced examples of improved and degraded manual flying performance, supporting the rationalisation for the provision of multimodal dynamic sensory cueing in future RPAS. Expand
The Potential Impact of Upper Stratospheric Measurements on Sub-seasonal Forecasts in the Extra-Tropics
This chapter examines the potential improvements in tropospheric weather forecasts that might arise from an enhanced representation of the upper stratospheric state. First, the chapter reviewsExpand
Tinker, Mapper, Soldier, Spy – Captain Henry Elsdale’s Pioneering 1882–83 Experiment with Small Balloons and Vertical Aerial Photography in Halifax, Canada
  • D. Werle
  • Art
  • Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing
  • 2019
Abstract The first aerial photography trials in Canada took place at Halifax, Nova Scotia, in 1882 and 1883. They are attributed to an Englishman, Captain Henry Elsdale (1842–1900) of the RoyalExpand
1.2 Historical Aspects of Energy
Mankind has quickly established himself as the dominant species on Earth. A lot of this development can be attributed to his ability to use and control energy. This chapter examines man’s uniqueExpand


Analysis of balloon observations during the April 1960, solar cosmic‐ray events
A series of balloon flights was conducted at Minneapolis, Minnesota, during the solar cosmic-ray events from April 1, 1960, through April 30, 1960. The largest event on April 1 was recorded by aExpand
Balloon study of high‐altitude radiations during the international geophysical year
The results of a series of 85 constant level balloon flights conducted during the IGY period to measure cosmic rays and other types of radiation at high altitude are summarized. Each flight carriedExpand
Ten Years of Plastic Balloons
Ten Years of Plastic Balloons. 1957 is the 10th anniversary year of the plastic stratosphere balloon. During this brief history the new balloons have become reliable vehicles for upper atmosphereExpand
Modification to the Automatic Ionization Chamber
The automatic ionization chamber has been described previously [1,2]. It has proven quite reliable in service and has many desirable features, especially for balloon-borne equipment. A disadvantageExpand