History of the modern epidemiological concept of confounding

  title={History of the modern epidemiological concept of confounding},
  author={Alfredo Morabia},
  journal={Journal of Epidemiology \& Community Health},
  pages={297 - 300}
  • A. Morabia
  • Published 9 August 2010
  • Psychology
  • Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health
The epidemiological concept of confounding has had a convoluted history. It was first expressed as an issue of group non-comparability, later as an uncontrolled fallacy, then as a controllable fallacy named confounding, and, more recently, as an issue of group non-comparability in the distribution of potential outcome types. This latest development synthesised the apparent disconnect between phases of the history of confounding. Group non-comparability is the essence of confounding, and the… 

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    The British Journal for the Philosophy of Science
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