History of the U.S. Academic Oceanographic Research Fleet and the Sources of Research Ships

@article{Treadwell1989HistoryOT,
  title={History of the U.S. Academic Oceanographic Research Fleet and the Sources of Research Ships},
  author={Treadwell and Donn S. Gorsline and West},
  journal={Oceanography},
  year={1989},
  volume={2},
  pages={36-39}
}
I N THIS ARTICLE WE SKETCH the evohition of the U.S. oceanographic fleet, concentrating on academic research vessels. We also discuss briefly the sources of research ships and their operational support: these factors seem especially pertinent in the context of our present aging and somewhat underutilized fleet. Early History Three agencies were the mainstays of U.S. marine science and the scientific fleet (including hydrographic surveying ships) prior to World War II: the Coast Survey, the Fish… 
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