History of the ‘geste antagoniste’ sign in cervical dystonia

  title={History of the ‘geste antagoniste’ sign in cervical dystonia},
  author={Alice Poisson and Paul Krack and St{\'e}phane Thobois and C. Loiraud and Giulia Serra and Christophe Vial and Emmanuel Broussolle},
  journal={Journal of Neurology},
The geste antagoniste is a voluntary maneuver that temporarily reduces the severity of dystonic posture or movements. It is a classical feature of focal and particularly cervical dystonia. However, the precise historical aspects of geste antagoniste still remain obscure. The goals of this review were (1) to clarify the origin of the geste antagoniste sign; (2) to identify the factors that led to its diffusion in the international literature; (3) to follow the evolution of that term across the… 
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Clinical characteristics of the geste antagoniste in cervical dystonia
The remarkable efficacy of the geste antagoniste and the considerable variety in performance, duration, and EMG-pattern of these manoeuvres warrant further investigation of the therapeutic use of sensorimotor stimulation, in particular for those CD patients who experience limited or no effect from botulinum toxin therapy.
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GA features shared by BSP and CD predominate over differences, suggesting common mechanisms underlying this phenomenon in the two forms of primary adult‐onset dystonia.
How psychogenic is dystonia? Views from past to present.
This history of dystonia is investigated, assuming the perspective of a spectrum from organic to psychogenic, between which ideas were moving, and it is suggested that this may lead to a common explanation of the four afflictions of which the history is traced.
Trick maneuvers in cervical dystonia: Investigation of movement‐ and touch‐related changes in polymyographic activity
Results might indicate different physiological mechanisms in clinically indistinguishable antagonistic gestures in cervical dystonia patients with idiopathic CD.
History of dystonia: Part 4 of the MDS‐sponsored history of movement disorders exhibit, Barcelona, June, 2000
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The sensitivity of torticollis to social and emotional factors can be best explained in terms of a possible link between extrapyramidal and affective disorders through overlapping changes in catecholamine metabolism.
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