History of fibromyalgia: Past to present

  title={History of fibromyalgia: Past to present},
  author={F. Inanici and Muhammad B. Yunus},
  journal={Current Pain and Headache Reports},
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is now a recognized clinical entity causing chronic and disabling pain. For several centuries, muscle pains have been known as rheumatism and then as muscular rheumatism. The term fibrositis was coined by Gowers in 1904 and was not changed to fibromyalgia until 1976. Smythe laid the foundation of modern FMS in 1972 by describing widespread pain and tender points. The first sleep electroencephalogram study was performed in 1975. The first controlled clinical study… 
Pathogenesis of fibromyalgia e A review
The present review has summarized the clinical manifestations of fibromyalgia, as well as the necessary laboratory workup, and attempted to cover various aspects of pathogenesis with special emphasis on the genetic aspects currently uncovered.
Pathogenesis of fibromyalgia - a review.
Treatment of fibromyalgia, whether pharmacological or psychological, remains problematic, primarily symptomatic, and unsatisfactory overall.
The fibromyalgia tender points: use them or lose them? A brief review of the controversy.
It seems appropriate to review the evidence for their validity in assessing patients with CWP, and therefore the validity of both the ACR classification criteria for FM and indeed the concept of FM.
Fibromyalgia: Key Clinical Domains, Comorbidities, Assessment, And Treatment
In discussion of the best practices for patients with fibromyalgia (FM), it is key to Introduce commentary about what FM is as a clinical condition, how clinicians should assess for FM, and the
Fibromyalgia: An update and immunological aspects
The current knowledge in FMS pain pathways is reviewed, focusing on the central system sensitization phenomenon and the abnormalities in the inhibitory pain systems.
Does it mean anything to diagnose fibromyalgia (FM) in somebody with chronic widespread pain?
It is proposed that, being FM at the more severe end of the spectrum of CWP, treatment is similar and whether to diagnose FM or not does not make a difference and, since the update of FM criteria in 2010 which excludes the tender points, diagnosis has become more widespread and perhaps less specific.
[Historical evolution of the concept of fibromyalgia: the main stages].
The main stages leading to the development of the concept of fibromyalgia are sketched out, beginning from the notions of fibrositis nodules, trigger points and myofascial pain, up to the most recent knowledge including this clinical condition in the cluster of central sensitivity syndromes.
Fibromyalgia syndrome.
The goal of this article is to review the current understanding of the etiology, pathophysiology and diagnosis of fibromyalgia syndrome as well as the evidence for current treatment strategies and to discuss the new preliminary diagnostic criteria for fibromyalg syndrome.


Primary fibromyalgia syndrome: current concepts.
PFS patients as a group are more stressed than RA patients and normal controls as measured by Holmes-Rahe Life Events Inventory, and it appears that chronic anxiety-stress causes muscle spasm that can be appreciated clinically in some patients and indirectly by electron microscopic findings of muscle biopsy.
Juvenile primary fibromyalgia syndrome. A clinical study of thirty-three patients and matched normal controls.
As in adult PFS patients, associated non-musculoskeletal symptoms were common, including fatigue, poor sleep, anxiety/stress, headaches, and paresthesias, and routine laboratory test results were normal or negative.
Fibromyalgia in men: comparison of clinical features with women.
Male patients with FM had fever symptoms and fewer TP, and less common "hurt all over," fatigue, morning fatigue, and IBS, compared with female patients, according to a study of patients seen in a university rheumatology clinic.
Psychological aspects of fibromyalgia syndrome: a component of the dysfunctional spectrum syndrome.
  • M. Yunus
  • Medicine, Psychology
    Bailliere's clinical rheumatology
  • 1994
Subgrouping of fibromyalgia patients on the basis of pressure-pain thresholds and psychological factors.
There appears to be a group of fibromyalgia patients who exhibit extreme tenderness but lack any associated psychological/cognitive factors, an intermediate group who display moderate tenderness and have normal mood, and a group in whom mood and cognitive factors may be significantly influencing the symptom report.
Fibromyalgia and the rheumatisms. Common sense and sensibility.
  • S. Block
  • Medicine
    Rheumatic diseases clinics of North America
  • 1993
The new ACR criteria for the diagnosis of fibrositis, by emphasizing tenderness and ignoring the presence of these other syndromes, are too circumscribed and represent a step backward in the authors' attempts to understand.
Fibrositis (Fibromyalgia) in rheumatoid arthritis.
Evaluation of disease severity markers, including radiographic erosions and frequency of total joint replacement, suggested that disease severity in RAFIB and RA is similar, and pain, depression, anxiety and erythrocyte sedimentation rate were best differentiated.