History of Use and Trade of Agarwood

@article{LpezSampson2018HistoryOU,
  title={History of Use and Trade of Agarwood},
  author={Arlene L{\'o}pez-Sampson and T. Page},
  journal={Economic Botany},
  year={2018},
  volume={72},
  pages={107-129}
}
Aromatics originating from the resin-infused infected wood of the Aquilaria and Gyrinops genera have distinct and valued fragrances. Resin formation occurs as a response to internal injury and/or infections in the stems of the agarwood tree. The incenses and perfumes that are produced from agarwood have been valued for centuries and used by many cultures for spiritual, opulent, and aphrodisiac purposes. Agarwood is highly revered in the seminal texts of Hinduism, Christianity, Buddhism, and… 

Tables from this paper

Boosting up the economy of Pakistan through agarwood production
Aquilaria species have been the primary source for agarwood and are distributed eastward from India (Bengal and Assam) to the island of New Guinea and southward from tropical China. Agarwood is dark
Isolation Process and Compound Identification of Agarwood Essential Oils from Aquilaria crassna Cultivated at Three Different Locations in Vietnam
TLDR
A hydrodistillation process to recover agarwood essential oil and to compare chemical compositions of agar wood samples harvested from various locations in Vietnam found a common volatile profile, which is characterized by the dominance of eremophilane, agarofurans, and eudesmane sesquiterpenes, while vetispirane and guaiane sesqerpenes were found in smaller quantities.
MEDICINAL EFFECT REVIEW OF AGARWOOD LEAVES FROM AQUILARIA AND GYRINOPS GENERA
TLDR
Aquilaria and Gyrinops group both have medicinal effect including antioxidant, antibacterial, cytotoxic and anticancer, and Aquilaria leaves also has additional medicinal effect as antiradical source of sunscreen.
The Best Inoculation Technique Applied on Gyrinops versteegii Tree Trunk
Agarwood is a non-timber forest product having high economic value, however, its population in nature is getting decrease. Gyrinops versteegii , an agarwood-producing plant, has been listed in
Comparative Analysis of Biological Activity of Artificial and Wild Agarwood
Agarwood is a highly economically important medicinal herb with widespread uses; however, the difference between the biological activities of artificial and wild agarwood is unclear. In this study,
Safety Test of Agarwood Leaves Tea (Aquilaria malaccencis Lamk.) Through Skin Sensitization Test on Albino Rabbit
TLDR
Testing on albino rabbits with four different doses of agarwood leaf tea showed no change in the skin of the test animals after exposure to the test doses, indicating that the agar wood leaf tea is safe to consume if the tea is on the skin, the skin will not experience irritation.
In-Depth Chemical Analysis of Particulate Matter Emitted by Agarwood: Study of Environmental Impact
Agarwood is mainly used to make incense, perfume, traditional Chinese medicine, and other products. In some parts of China, some consumers use cigarettes that contain agarwood. Not all Aquilaria
Agarwood Induction: Current Developments and Future Perspectives
TLDR
This paper attempts to provide an overview for the past efforts toward the understanding of agarwood formation, the evolvement of induction methods and their further development prospects by integrating it with high-throughput omics approaches.
Genetic variation of agarwood producing tree (Gyrinops versteegii) from Pongkor, Manggarai District, Flores Island, Indonesia using ISSR molecular markers
TLDR
The results showed close phenetic relatedness between individuals and relatively high genetic variation of G. versteegii, however, imply the need for strictly maintenance of habitat preservation and larger population size.
Ajmal Perfumes – The Inimitable Aroma of Success
The origin of perfumery can be traced back to the true cradle of human civilization and culture in ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt. The world’s first referenced chemist was a perfumer named
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 189 REFERENCES
Understanding Agarwood Formation and Its Challenges
TLDR
This chapter discusses the fundamentals of agarwood formation in the producing trees, the molecular pathway in its synthesis, current methods applied for agarwoods induction in cultivated trees, and finally the factors influencing agar wood yield and quality.
Wood Resources, Identification, and Utilization of Agarwood in China
Agarwood, a compound substance of xylem tissue and its inclusions, is generally formed in some genera of Thymelaeaceae (e.g., Aquilaria) during the tree’s natural growing process. Due to the
Aquilaria spp. (agarwood) as source of health beneficial compounds: A review of traditional use, phytochemistry and pharmacology.
TLDR
An overview of the phytochemistry, ethnomedicinal use, pharmacological activities and safety of plant materials from Aquilaria spp.
The Aloe vera phenomenon: a review of the properties and modern uses of the leaf parenchyma gel.
TLDR
The mucilaginous gel from the parenchymatous cells in the leaf pulp of Aloe vera has been used since early times for a host of curative purposes and new experimental work has indicated the possibility of distinct physiological effects.
Trends in the Use of Perfumes and Incense in the Near East after the Muslim Conquests
Abstract Perfumes have been known as utilizable but exclusive products since antiquity. Use of aromatic substances was first mentioned in archaic sources of the ancient world. The origin of such
Agarwood : Science Behind the Fragrance
This book gives readers new information to understand the mechanism of agarwood induction and therefore eradicate the myths surrounding agarwood formation. One of the challenges in conserving
Management and Economic Aspects of Growing Aquilaria agallocha Roxb. in Bangladesh
The agar tree (Aquilaria agallocha Roxb.) is an evergreen tropical tree species containing precious dark resinous heartwood (agarwood). The population of agar tree is rapidly declining in natural
Resins and Gums in Historical Iatrosophia Texts from Cyprus – A Botanical and Medico-pharmacological Approach
TLDR
Historical iatrosophia texts from Cyprus are explored from a botanical and medico-pharmacological point of view focusing on remedies containing resins and gums to contribute to the understanding of the development of herbal medicines in the (Eastern) Mediterranean and Europe.
Fungal inoculation induces agarwood in young Aquilaria malaccensis trees in the nursery
TLDR
Time, not the species of any of the tested fungi, had significant effect on discoloration length and intensity in young Aquilaria malaccensis (Lam.) trees.
Growing ‘The Wood of The Gods’: Agarwood Production in Southeast Asia
Agarwood, also known as eaglewood or gaharu, is a valuable non-timber forest product which sometimes grows in Aquilaria species. The genus species occur mainly in South and Southeast Asia. As a
...
1
2
3
4
5
...