History of Seawater Carbonate Chemistry, Atmospheric CO 2 , and Ocean Acidification

  title={History of Seawater Carbonate Chemistry, Atmospheric CO 2 , and Ocean Acidification},
  author={Richard E. Zeebe},
  journal={Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences},
  • R. Zeebe
  • Published 2 May 2012
  • Environmental Science
  • Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences
Humans are continuing to add vast amounts of carbon dioxide (CO2) to the atmosphere through fossil fuel burning and other activities. A large fraction of the CO2 is taken up by the oceans in a process that lowers ocean pH and carbonate mineral saturation state. This effect has potentially serious consequences for marine life, which are, however, difficult to predict. One approach to address the issue is to study the geologic record, which may provide clues about what the future holds for ocean… 

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