History of Public Health Crises in Japan

  title={History of Public Health Crises in Japan},
  author={Tomoaki Imamura and Hiroo Ide and Hideo Yasunaga},
  journal={Journal of Public Health Policy},
In Japan, a number of serious public health crises involving environmental pollution, food-borne diseases, and health hazards due to pharmaceuticals (i.e., “Yakugai”) have occurred in the past 50 years. Based on the literature, we summarize the initial investigations and the subsequent measures. Some common points emerge: (1) prolonged cause identification, (2) lack of countermeasures after the cause was identified, and (3) discrimination against victims and they contributed to spreading the… 

Risk Communication Regarding Drug Safety in Japan

For individual and for public health, drug safety has significant implications on a large scale. Given the inherently uncertain safety and effectiveness of drugs, discussion of the significance of

Lessons learned from previous environmental health crises: Narratives of patients with Minamata disease in TV documentaries as the main media outlet

People worldwide can learn from the narratives of patients, even in local environmental health crises, via TV documentaries, ascriptive analysis of TV documentaries showed patients’ various concerns and sorrow through their narratives in consecutive years.

Ecological perspectives on water, food, and health security linkages: the Minamata case in Japan

  • A. Sarker
  • Environmental Science
    Environmental Science and Pollution Research
  • 2021
This study examines the links through published data associated with the Minamata incident, which was a historic and horrific methylmercury-induced water, food, and health poisoning crisis in Japan, and provides important evidence for emerging economies that ignore the water–food–health security nexus.

The ecosystem approach to health is a promising strategy in international development: lessons from Japan and Laos

A brief case study of Japan’s development assistance to Laos, and its environmental and health implications, is presented, as an illustration of the ecohealth approach.

Consumer reactions to risk information on bovine spongiform encephalopathy in Japan

These findings suggest that the anxiety of consumers can be reduced if they receive an appropriate amount of published information, and WTP may be linked to the contents of the articles.

Retention rate of physicians in public health administration agencies and their career paths in Japan

The fact that the retention period is shortening for younger physicians may represent a future problem for ensuring the quality of physicians in public health administration agencies, and possible strategies include: increasing the number of physicians entering positions; reducing the number leaving positions.

Toxic elements in groundwater of Lagos and Ogun States, Southwest, Nigeria and their human health risk assessment

The relative high concentrations of Mn, Al, and Pb obtained in this study can be attributed to industrial and anthropogenic activities in the study area and treatment of groundwater before consumption is recommended to avoid possible adverse cumulative effect.



Epidemiologic study on Yusho, a Poisoning Caused by Ingestion of Rice Oil Contaminated with a Commercial Brand of Polychlorinated Biphenyls*

The cause of the epidemic was soon demonstrated to be the ingestion of a brand of rice oil contaminated with a commercial brand of polychlorinated biphenyls, and the disease was called "Yusho", namely oil disease.

Minamata disease: methylmercury poisoning in Japan caused by environmental pollution.

  • M. Harada
  • Medicine
    Critical reviews in toxicology
  • 1995
While the number of grave cases with acute M. d.

Japanese officials were aware of HIV in blood products

Fury has erupted in Japan over the contents of a tape recording of the first meeting held by the health ministry's AIDS study panel. The recording reveals that ministry officials were aware as early

Health effects of cadmium with special reference to studies in Japan.

The natural history of cadmium poisoning is ironically more complicated than that of communicable diseases in man despite the fact that the element is static and not propagated in living organisms.

Epidemiological and clinical features of Minamata disease

The cardinal clinical features of Minamata disease were clarified, by a multivariant analysis of all symptoms in inhabitants in the polluted area, and were found to be essentially the same as those of Hunter Russell syndrome.

[Some consideration about registration of sufferers from poisoning by arsenic tainted Morinaga Dry Milk (author's transl)].

In order to clarify the cause and actual state of nonregistered sufferers, a study was carried out using the data of Kyoto follow-up survey and many medical reports about Morinaga Dry Milk poisoning.

BioSense: implementation of a National Early Event Detection and Situational Awareness System.

Substantial investments will be made in providing regional, state, and local data for early event detection and situational awareness, test beds for data and algorithm evaluation, detection algorithm development, and data management technologies, while maintaining the focus on state and local public health needs.

Influenza surveillance--United States, 1992-93 and 1993-94.

  • L. BrammerK. Fukuda N. Cox
  • Medicine
    MMWR. CDC surveillance summaries : Morbidity and mortality weekly report. CDC surveillance summaries
  • 1997
Activity rose during November and December and peaked earlier than usual, during the last week of December and the first week of January; influenza A(H3N2) viruses predominated during the 1993-94 influenza season.

Tainted Blood and Vengeful Spirits: The Legacy of Japan’s Yakugai Eizu (AIDS) Trial

Medical anthropologists often point to the importance of “illness narratives” as emergent or incipient forms in which patients attempt to make sense of the moral dimensions of illness and suffering

Surveillance for chronic fatigue syndrome--four U.S. cities, September 1989 through August 1993.

  • M. ReyesH. Gary W. Reeves
  • Medicine
    MMWR. CDC surveillance summaries : Morbidity and mortality weekly report. CDC surveillance summaries
  • 1997
This report summarizes CFS surveillance data collected in four U.S. cities from September 1989 through August 1993, and reports the prevalence and incidence of CFS in defined populations, and describes the clinical course of C FS.