History of Public Health Crises in Japan

@article{Imamura2007HistoryOP,
  title={History of Public Health Crises in Japan},
  author={Tomoaki Imamura and Hiroo Ide and Hideo Yasunaga},
  journal={Journal of Public Health Policy},
  year={2007},
  volume={28},
  pages={221-237}
}
In Japan, a number of serious public health crises involving environmental pollution, food-borne diseases, and health hazards due to pharmaceuticals (i.e., “Yakugai”) have occurred in the past 50 years. Based on the literature, we summarize the initial investigations and the subsequent measures. Some common points emerge: (1) prolonged cause identification, (2) lack of countermeasures after the cause was identified, and (3) discrimination against victims and they contributed to spreading the… 

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