History of Mirrors Dating Back 8000 Years

@article{Enoch2006HistoryOM,
  title={History of Mirrors Dating Back 8000 Years},
  author={Jay M. Enoch},
  journal={Optometry and Vision Science},
  year={2006},
  volume={83},
  pages={775-781}
}
  • J. Enoch
  • Published 1 October 2006
  • Physics
  • Optometry and Vision Science
Purpose. The purpose of this study is to consider the ancient history and early development of mirrors, because mirrors played a key role in refraction and magnification for an extended period of time before the invention of spectacles, including broad use in Roman times. Findings. The earliest known manufactured mirrors (approximately 8000 years old) have been found in Anatolia (south central modern-day Turkey). These were made from obsidian (volcanic glass), had a convex surface and… 
The silver-plated mirrors of the Historical Collection of Physics Instruments of Palermo University
In the paper we will describe three instruments of particular historical and didactic interest belonging to the Historical Collection of Physics Instruments of Palermo University: a convex mirror
Optica Precolombina Del Peru
Archaeological American mirrors are common findings and the images obtained with them are often described by archaeologists as possessing high quality. However, photographs attesting this fact are
Nano-metrology: The art of measuring X-ray mirrors with slope errors <100 nrad.
TLDR
Simulations demonstrate how random noise from the Diamond-NOM's autocollimator adds into the overall measured value of the mirror's slope error, and thus predict how many averaged scans are required to accurately characterize different grades of mirror.
Progress in optical coatings
The field of optical coating is as large as the field of optics itself. Virtually every optical surface in every optical instrument benefits from a coating that assures its correct optical
Origins and fundamentals
Functional metamirrors using bianisotropic elements.
TLDR
It is shown, both theoretically and experimentally, that full-power reflection with general control over the reflected wave phase is possible with a single-layer array of deeply subwavelength inclusions, and it is proved that it is possible using electrically and magnetically polarizable inclusions.
OUR GEOTHERMAL LEGACY : A HISTORIC OVERVIEW
.. 2 1. STELLAR ORIGIN OF OUR THERMAL PLANET... 3 2. ORIGIN AND EVOLUTION OF HUMANKIND IN PREHISTORY... 5 3. THE ‘YEAR ZERO OF GEOTHERMICS’... 6 4. THE MESOAMERICAN COSMOGONY AND ITS RELATION WITH
Metamaterial mirrors in optoelectronic devices.
TLDR
It is shown that light absorption and photocurrent generation in a sub-100 nm active semiconductor layer of a model solar cell can be enhanced by ∼20% over a broad spectral band.
Optical and acoustic beam shaping for imaging and manipulation
Sound and light show many similarities because they both propagate as waves. This means they share the same wave properties such as reflection, refraction, scattering, diffraction, and so on. The
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 24 REFERENCES
INTRODUCTION TO THE HISTORY OF LENSES AND VISUAL CORRECTIONS: A REFERENCE TO SPAIN AND THE SPANISH COLONIES IN THE NEW WORLD (XV-XVI C.)
Archaeological optics is a branch of science studying the early history of lenses, optical devices and introduction of visual corrections from ancient civilizations up to our modern world. The first
REFLECTIONS OF THE SKY'S EYES
  • R. Bianchi
  • Physics
    Source: Notes in the History of Art
  • 1985
Of all the utilitarian objects around which the ancient Egyptians formulated rituals, none is more paradoxical than the mirror, an object strangely out of place in a civilization that valued the
MIRRORS ON THE FRINGE: SOME NOTES
Where does this mirror form, which most people consider Chinese, come from? What do we know of the history and distribution of the form before the seventh to the sixth century B.C., when it is widely
MIRRORS IN THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST
key), Syro-Mesopotamia (modern Syria and Iraq), the Levant (the eastern Mediterranean area), and Iran. The material may be assembled in broad chronological sequence, from the sixth millennium B.C. to
Excavations at Çatal Hüyük, 1962: Second Preliminary Report
The excavations at Çatal Hüyük, the neolithic city mound in the Konya Plain, which were begun in 1961 were continued during the summer of 1962. The second season of excavation began on 7th June and
Mirror Mirror: A History of the Human Love Affair With Reflection
The fascinating tale of one of the most remarkable inventions in human history and its effects on science, myth, religion, manners, and the arts. Of all human inventions, the mirror is perhaps the
Excavations at Çatal Hüyük: First Preliminary Report, 1961
The site of Çatal Hüyük was discovered during our survey of the Konya Plain in November, 1958. Rich in surface finds of a type hitherto only known from Professor J. Garstang's excavations at Mersin
On the quality of the Olmec mirrors and its utilization
Archaeological mirrors from the Olmec civilization were analyzed in the context of bibliography produced in the last two decades. Photographs of its images are showed as a proof of its good quality.
The Catalhoyuk Flint and Obsidian Industry: Technology and Typology in Context
An analytical study of the knapped obsidian and flint objects from the Catalhoyuk, the largest known Neolithic site in Turkey. James Conolly incorporates an analytical study with a wider social
Mirrors on the fringe
  • Notes on the History of Science
  • 1985
...
...