History of Ecological Sciences, Part 52: Symbiosis Studies

  title={History of Ecological Sciences, Part 52: Symbiosis Studies},
  author={Frank N. Egerton},
  journal={Bulletin of The Ecological Society of America},
  • F. Egerton
  • Published 2015
  • Education
  • Bulletin of The Ecological Society of America
Symbiosis is a term that identifies persistent relationships between species, according to Surindar Paracer and Vernon Ahmadjian (2000:6). Their textbook discussed three kinds: commensalism, mutualism, and parasitism. Other kinds that some authors have identified, phoresis and inquilinism, they considered forms of commensalism. They also mentioned that some investigators have considered predation as a kind of symbiosis; they do not mention competition, which is often a persistent relationship… 
Symbiosis, History of.
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Ectosymbiotic Cleaners Induce Down-regulation of Crayfish Immune Response Genes
Given that there is no known mechanism through which branchiobdellidans can directly affect host physiology through chemical or genetic interactions, it is concluded that this alteration in gene expression occurred through alleviation of environmental stress by the symbionts.
‘The importance of symbiosis in philosophy of biology: an analysis of the current debate on biological individuality and its historical roots’
This review examines the philosophical assumptions that underlie recent proposal of the hologenome concept of evolution and traces those debates back in time to their historical origins, suggesting the importance of exploring the connections among contemporary biology, philosophy of biology and history of biology in order to gain a better understanding of contemporary biology.
Symbiotic Microbes from Marine Invertebrates: Driving a New Era of Natural Product Drug Discovery
The diversity of marine microbial symbionts is explored by examining their use as the producers of novel pharmaceutical actives, together with a discussion of the opportunities and constraints offered by “blue gold” drug discovery.
Role of symbiosis in the discovery of novel antibiotics
This brief review focuses on the challenges and opportunities in the application of symbiotic microbes and also provides an interesting platform that links natural product chemistry with evolutionary biology and ecology.
English translation of Heinrich Anton de Bary’s 1878 speech, ‘Die Erscheinung der Symbiose’ (‘De la symbiose’)
A short biography of Heinrich Anton de Bary, a full translation of his lecture, and a fulltranslation of the 1878 lecture by the German botanist and mycologist in which he first used the term ‘symbiosis’ in a biological context are presented.
Habitat-modification by an herbivorous marsupial benefits the Papuan Taipan, Oxyuranus scutellatus canni Slater 1956, within an anthropogenic environment in Central Province, Papua New Guinea
The World’s Mammals in Crisis and the “Dow Jones Index” of Biodiversity: More Than Mammals .............................................................................................................................................................
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Evolutionary biologists, evolutionary epistemologists, and biosemioticians have demonstrated that organisms not merely adapt to an external world, but that they actively construct their


The Ecology of Mutualism
Elementary ecology texts tell us that organisms interact in three fundamental ways, generally given the names competition, predation, and mutualism. The third member has gotten short shrift (264),
Mutualistic Symbiosis of Algæ and Bacteria with Cycas revoluta
Recently my attention was directed to the tubercle-like growths on roots of Cycas revoluta, a cursory examination showed that they were infested by a nostoc, and Reinke is to my knowledge the only person calling attention to an Anabaena found parasitic in a specialized parenchyma layer ofCycas roots.
Symbiosis and Mutualism
  • R. Pound
  • Biology
    The American Naturalist
  • 1893
Symbiosis and mutualism, in the vegetable kingdom at least, are phenomena accompanying parasitism, and the term symbiosis is often used to mean mutualism as such; but, in strictness, while mutualism can only exist with symbiosis, the larger proportion of cases of symbiosis there is no mutualism.
Reef Corals: Mutualistic Symbioses Adapted to Nutrient-Poor Environments
The present discussion considers the potential nutritional capabilities of corals as mutualistic symbioses and the extent to which specific organismic and ecological manifestations of these capabilities have been described and quantified.
The Discovery of Nectar and Nectaries and Its Relation to Views on Flowers and Insects
STRICTLY SPEAKING, it all began with the first invasion of the land by plants, at the beginning of what some botanists (offended by the accepted usage of referring the age of the earth to animals)
Changing Concepts of the Balance of Nature
  • F. Egerton
  • Environmental Science
    The Quarterly Review of Biology
  • 1973
Balance-of-nature concepts apparently have receded in importance with the rise of ecological specialization, probably because ecologists have developed more precise concepts of productivity and ecosystem can serve about the same explanatory functions.
POLLINATION BY WIND AND ANIMALS: Ecology of Geographic Patterns
This discussion aims to further detail and quantify selected geographic patterns in the distribution of windand animal-pollinated species and to examine mechanisms that might cause the trends.
The purpose of this review is to examine the means by which algae and heterotrophic bacteria interact in planktonic systems and cite specific evidence from the literature for various types of interactions.
Seed Predation by Animals
It is clear that the pattern of seed predation is highly structured and that it co evolved at, the chemical, spatial, and temporal level and the processes and patterns are ideal candidates for ecological and evolu­ tionary analyses.
Ecology of Seed Dispersal
A general objective of this paper is to explore the degree to which dispersal process and mode are integrated and, in so doing, to catalyze their union.