History of Ancient Copper Smelting Pollution During Roman and Medieval Times Recorded in Greenland Ice

@article{Hong1996HistoryOA,
  title={History of Ancient Copper Smelting Pollution During Roman and Medieval Times Recorded in Greenland Ice},
  author={S. Hong and J. Candelone and C. Patterson and C. Boutron},
  journal={Science},
  year={1996},
  volume={272},
  pages={246 - 249}
}
  • S. Hong, J. Candelone, +1 author C. Boutron
  • Published 1996
  • Science
  • Determination of copper concentrations in Greenland ice dated from seven millennia ago to the present showed values exceeding natural levels, beginning about 2500 years ago. This early large-scale pollution of the atmosphere of the Northern Hemisphere is attributed to emissions from the crude, highly polluting smelting technologies used for copper production during Roman and medieval times, especially in Europe and China. This study opens the way to a quantitative assessment of the history of… CONTINUE READING
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    *Peak of Roman copper production. tPeak of Chinese copper production during the Northern Sung dynasty. tCalculated with an assumed emission factor of -5% for oxide and carbonate ores