History and Distribution of the Cultivated Cucurbits in the Americas

@article{Cutler1961HistoryAD,
  title={History and Distribution of the Cultivated Cucurbits in the Americas},
  author={Hugh C. Cutler and Thomas W. Whitaker},
  journal={American Antiquity},
  year={1961},
  volume={26},
  pages={469 - 485}
}
Abstract All species of Cucurbita (which includes squashes, pumpkins, and the common, small, yellow-flowered gourds) are native to the Americas. Their center of origin lies in Mexico where most of the 26 wild and cultivated species still grow. Chilicayote (C. ficifolia), a perennial and probably the oldest cultivated species, is grown from Mexico to Bolivia and known archaeologically only from coastal Peru (3000 B.C.). Oldest archaeological cucurbits are C. pepo and Lagenaria siceraria, the… 

Cucurbits and cultures in the Americas

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TLDR
Fruit quality and flavor enhancements of pumpkins and squash have been and are being accomplished largely by the consumer-oriented breeders at research and academic institutions, however, lack of support for these breeding programs is jeopardizing the continued consumer- oriented fruit-quality enhancement of C. pepo germplasm.

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Maya Diets of the Rich and Poor: Paleoethnobotanical Evidence from Copan

  • D. Lentz
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    Latin American Antiquity
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Analysis of plant remains recovered from excavations at Copán in western Honduras has provided substantive data regarding agroeconomic systems of the prehistoric inhabitants. The time span of the

SYSTEMATICS AND THE ORIGIN OF CULTIVATED PLANTS

TLDR
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...

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