Histories of sexual victimization in patients with irritable bowel syndrome or inflammatory bowel disease.

@article{Walker1993HistoriesOS,
  title={Histories of sexual victimization in patients with irritable bowel syndrome or inflammatory bowel disease.},
  author={Edward A. Walker and Wayne J. Katon and Peter Paul Roy-Byrne and Ron Jemelka and Joan E Russo},
  journal={The American journal of psychiatry},
  year={1993},
  volume={150 10},
  pages={
          1502-6
        }
}
OBJECTIVE Two reports have suggested a possible association between a history of sexual trauma and irritable bowel syndrome, but several factors in their study designs limited their generalizability. The authors used a more rigorous methodology to confirm this association. METHOD They administered structured psychiatric and sexual trauma interviews to 28 patients with irritable bowel syndrome and 19 patients with inflammatory bowel disease and compared prevalence rates of sexual victimization… 
Medical and psychiatric symptoms in female gastroenterology clinic patients with histories of sexual victimization.
TLDR
It is concluded that women with prior severe sexual trauma episodes may express medically unexplained physical symptoms as part of the long-term adaptation to their victimization.
Effect of sexual and physical abuse on symptom experiences in women with irritable bowel syndrome.
TLDR
Within women with IBS, those with a history of abuse do not appear to be different from those with no history of Abuse on GI symptoms, psychological symptoms, or physiological arousal indicators, but within women without IBS the prevalence of ahistory of childhood sexual abuse experiences is elevated.
Psychiatric diagnoses, sexual and physical victimization, and disability in patients with irritable bowel syndrome or inflammatory bowel disease.
TLDR
Despite the absence of organic pathology, IBS patients had significantly higher numbers of medically unexplained physical symptoms and disability ratings equal to, or greater than, those of patients with severe organic gastrointestinal disease.
Relation Between Physical or Sexual Abuse and Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders
TLDR
Current information supports a “link” from abuse to functional gastrointestinal symptoms and to care-seeking behavior, and the concept of abnormal central nervous systementeric regulation is emerging.
History of sexual and physical abuse in women with dyspareunia: association with pain, psychosocial adjustment, and sexual functioning.
TLDR
Findings suggest that the presence of a sexual abuse history in women with dyspareunia is associated with increased psychological distress and sexual impairment, although there is no relation between a history of physical abuse and these outcomes.
Sexual and physical abuse and gastrointestinal illness.
  • D. Drossman
  • Medicine
    Scandinavian journal of gastroenterology. Supplement
  • 1995
TLDR
In a GI referral practice, abuse history is a hidden factor that is associated with poorer adjustment to illness, greater symptom severity and higher health care use rates.
The association of sexual abuse with pelvic pain complaints in a primary care population.
TLDR
Sexual abuse that occurs during childhood and again as an adult is strongly associated with pelvic pain complaints.
Racial Differences in General Health, Suicidal Thoughts, Physical and Sexual Abuse in African-Americans and Caucasians with Irritable Bowel Syndrome
TLDR
Substantial similarities as well as differences in IBS patients of the two races support the concept that, while there is an important role for a biological component to the pathogenesis of IBS, it by itself may not be an exclusive determinant.
Sexual and physical abuse history and medical practice.
TLDR
The article in this issue of Genera2 Hospital Psychiatry has joined a growing literature pointing to the association of sexual abuse with long-term medical sequelae, particularly gastrointestinal disorders, and data indicate that severe abuse history is associated with a higher frequency of certain lifetime psychiatric diagnoses.
Childhood Sexual Abuse and Psychosomatic Symptoms in Irritable Bowel Syndrome
  • C. Ross
  • Medicine
    Journal of child sexual abuse
  • 2005
TLDR
The subjects in the three groups did not differ on the DES, the SCL-90 or most sections of the DDIS, however, subjects with irritable bowel syndrome reported much higher rates of childhood sexual abuse and psychosomatic symptoms.
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