Historicizing Sustainability: German Scientific Forestry in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

  title={Historicizing Sustainability: German Scientific Forestry in the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries},
  author={Richard H{\"o}lzl},
  journal={Science as Culture},
  pages={431 - 460}
German scientific forestry is generally referred to as a starting point for the concept of sustainability and the variety of interpretations it has found in recent public and scientific discourses. Its early history in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, however, is treated, more or less, as a ‘founding narrative’ with all the typical aspects of this literary device: simplicity, a degree of mysticism and a teleological relation to the current state of the art. But there is more insight to… 

Forests, Climate, and the Rise of Scientific Forestry in Russia: From Local Knowledge and Natural History to Modern Experiments (1840s–early 1890s)

The chapter examines an episode in the history of nineteenth-century agricultural improvement, the attempt to change the climate of Russia’s southern steppe provinces by planting forests. The


  • P. Anthony
  • Political Science
    The Historical Journal
  • 2021
Abstract Historians have recently shown how the concept of ‘sustainability’ (Nachhaltigkeit) first emerged through statist ambitions to enfold nature into political economy in eighteenth-century

7 Transforming Woodlands: European Forest Protection in a Global Context

This chapter discusses protection of forests as material resources, ecosystems, and sites of cultural appreciation. It inquires into the ideas, policies, actors, and effects of protecting forests

“For the Thorough Conservation of the Forests”: A History of Forest Management and Protection in “Old Greece,” 1830–1880

We offer an overview of forest management in the Kingdom of Greece (the so-called Old Greece) over the period 1830–1880. We examine in particular the underlying ideas, public concerns, state efforts,

Natural Time and Bureaucratic Time: State Building, Forests and Environmental Conflicts in the 1800s

This article analyses the reactions of some alpine communities to state intervention in the years following the implementation of Napoleonic reforms through the lens of valorisation of forest resources, which were the economic linchpin of alpine Communities and, at the same time, a strategic issue for state authorities.

Quantifying scarcity: deforestation in the Upper Volga region and early debates over climate change in nineteenth-century Russia

ABSTRACT The paper examines the early history of environmental concerns in Russia. It focuses on a case study: the debates about a potentially detrimental impact of deforestation on water regimes,

Responsible Action as Embedded in Knowledge Practices: An Analysis of Forest Biodiversity Protection

Following the global concern for the loss of biodiversity, biological knowledge has become a central tool in environmental governance. Science studies has addressed the data-driven nature of

Lessons from Managing for the Extremes: A Case for Decentralized, Adaptive, Multipurpose Forest Management within an Ecological Framework

Multipurpose and ecological forest management frameworks are being increasingly applied across the Global North on public lands. However, the discourse and practice of public forest management in



Empire forestry and the origins of environmentalism

Abstract When and where did the environmental movement begin? To understand how a public endued with the principles of laissez-faire reversed in such short order a century-old policy of government

Hunting in the eighteenth century: an environmental history perspective

The article analyzes game hunting in eighteenth century Europe as an activity that connected the elite’s culture, agrarian society, and the natural environment. Early modern hunting was a highly

The Wealth of Nature: Environmental History and the Ecological Imagination

Hailed as "one of the most eminent environmental historians of the West" by Alan Brinkley in The New York Times Book Review, Donald Worster has been a leader in reshaping the study of American

Weapons of the Weak: Everyday Forms of Peasant Resistance.

Like The Moral Economy of the Peasant, Scott's last book, this one makes a huge argument that should provoke ideological as well as duller academic tempers. All who think hard about problems of

Earth Repair: A Transatlantic History of Environmental Restoration

Review: Earth Repair: A Transatlantic History of Environmental Restoration By Marcus Hall Reviewed by Elery Hamilton-Smith Charles Sturt University, Australia Marcus Hall. Earth Repair: A

Varieties of Environmentalism: Essays North and South

Part 1: The Environmentalism of the Poor From Political Economy to Political Ecology Poverty and the Environment: A Critique of the Conventional Wisdom Towards a Cross-Cultural Environmental Ethic

Genesis and development of a scientific fact

Originally published in German in 1935, this monograph anticipated solutions to problems of scientific progress, the truth of scientific fact and the role of error in science now associated with the

Seeing Like a State: How Certain Schemes to Improve the Human Condition Have Failed

In this wide-ranging and original book, James C. Scott analyzes failed cases of large-scale authoritarian plans in a variety of fields. He argues that centrally managed social plans derail when they

Managing Resources. Water and Wood in the German Pulp and Paper Industry, 1870s-1930s

Utilising natural resources demands for an effective management of knowledge, transport facilities, and resource supply. The essay looks at the pulp and paper industry′s use of water and wood to

Nature and power : a global history of the environment

1. Thinking about environmental history 2. The ecology of subsistence and tacit knowledge - primeval symbioses between humans and nature 3. Water, forests, and power 4. Colonialism as a watershed in