Historical review of malarial control in southern African with emphasis on the use of indoor residual house‐spraying

  title={Historical review of malarial control in southern African with emphasis on the use of indoor residual house‐spraying},
  author={Musawenkosi L. H. Mabaso and Brian L. Sharp and Christian Lengeler},
  journal={Tropical Medicine \& International Health},
Indoor residual house‐spraying (IRS) mainly with dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) was the principal method by which malaria was eradicated or greatly reduced in many countries in the world between the 1940s and 1960s. In sub‐Saharan Africa early malarial eradication pilot projects also showed that malaria is highly responsive to vector control by IRS but transmission could not be interrupted in the endemic tropical and lowland areas. As a result IRS was not taken to scale in most endemic… 

Impact of indoor residual spraying on malaria parasitaemia in the Bunkpurugu-Yunyoo District in northern Ghana

The use of a more efficacious insecticide for IRS can reduce malaria parasitaemia among children less than 5 years-old in northern Ghana.

Community-wide benefits of targeted indoor residual spray for malaria control in the Western Kenya Highland

Vector control had significant indirect impact on the densely populated uphill areas when IRS was targeted to the high-risk valleys when targeting malaria transmission hotspots, suggesting targeted IRS as an effective tool in malaria control.

Dramatic decrease in malaria transmission after large-scale indoor residual spraying with bendiocarb in Benin, an area of high resistance of Anopheles gambiae to pyrethroids.

Bendiocarb was found to be a good alternative insecticide for IRS in Benin, in areas where An.

Seven years of regional malaria control collaboration--Mozambique, South Africa, and Swaziland.

The Lubombo Spatial Development Initiative is a joint development program between the governments of Mozambique, Swaziland, and South Africa, which includes malaria control as a core component of the initiative and provides a strong argument for investment in regional malaria control.

Indoor Residual Spraying of Insecticide and Malaria Morbidity in a High Transmission Intensity Area of Uganda

IRS was associated with a reduction in malaria morbidity in an area of high transmission intensity in Uganda and the benefits appeared to be greatest after switching to a carbamate class of insecticide.

Assessing indoor residual spraying for malaria control in Chikhwawa, Malawi, using exit traps in houses

The study has shown large heterogeneity in mosquito abundance between sentinel sites, and a need to utilise this data to improve the actual IRS activities, especially when combined with the results of malaria burden.

The Effect of Indoor Residual Spraying on the Prevalence of Malaria Parasite Infection, Clinical Malaria and Anemia in an Area of Perennial Transmission and Moderate Coverage of Insecticide Treated Nets in Western Kenya

Both IRS and ITNs are effective tools for reducing malaria burden and when implemented in an area of moderate to high transmission with moderate ITN coverage, there may be an added benefit of IRS.

Effect of Indoor Residual Spraying on the Incidence of Malaria in Kaoma District of Western Zambia

Indoor residual spraying was associated with reduced malaria incidence in Kaoma district in areas where it was implemented, and poor management of the programme, however, negatively affected the results.

The effect of indoor residual spraying on malaria and anemia in a high-transmission area of northern Uganda.

Carefully managed IRS can significantly reduce malaria burden in high-transmission settings, and a child living in a sprayed district had a 46% and 32% lower risk of parasitemia and anemia than a child in a non-sprayed district.



DDT house spraying and re-emerging malaria

Anopheles funestus resistant to pyrethroid insecticides in South Africa

Northern Kwazulu/Natal (KZN) Province of South Africa borders on southern Mozambique, between Swaziland and the Indian Ocean. To control malaria vectors in KZN, houses were sprayed annually with

A review of the malaria situation in Zimbabwe with special reference to the period 1972-1981.

  • P. TaylorS. Mutambu
  • Medicine
    Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
  • 1986

Epidemiology in the strategies for malaria control.

An essential element of this strategy is the prevention or control of malaria epidemics and the selective use of vector control, both of which have to be based on a solid knowledge of local epidemiology, the study of which has to rejoin the path abandoned fifty years ago.

Drug-resistant Plasmodium falciparum malaria in the eastern Transvaal.

Results suggested possible resistance to Fansidar, which has implications for tourists travelling to this area.

Using a geographical information system to plan a malaria control programme in South Africa.

Matching malaria control measures to specific strata of endemic malaria has provided the opportunity for more efficient malaria control in Mpumalanga province by enabling malaria risk at town and village level to be shown.

MALARIA survey of South West Africa.

  • B. DeMeillon
  • Medicine
    South African medical journal = Suid-Afrikaanse tydskrif vir geneeskunde
  • 1952
The object of the survey was to determine the incidence of the disease as measured by spleen- and parasite-rates to ascertain the vectors and to make such general observations on their biology as would help to give a better understanding of the malaria problem.

An experiment in the control of malaria and bilharziasis.

  • W. AlvesD. M. Blair
  • Medicine
    Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
  • 1953

Malaria control: achievements, problems and strategies.

An analysis of the conflicting tendencies which shaped the development of malaria control policies during the XX century are presented, which appear to have oscillated between calls for frontal attack in an all-out campaign and calls for sustainable gains, even if slow.

Impact of control measures on malaria transmission and general mortality.

The observations indicated relationships between the efficacy of control and a decrease in mortality, and the indirect benefit of malaria control deserves attention in a wider assessment of measures directed against vector-borne diseases.