Historical mitochondrial diversity in African leopards (Panthera pardus) revealed by archival museum specimens

  title={Historical mitochondrial diversity in African leopards (Panthera pardus) revealed by archival museum specimens},
  author={Corey Anco and Sergios-Orestis Kolokotronis and Philipp Henschel and Seth W. Cunningham and George D. Amato and Evon R. Hekkala},
  journal={Mitochondrial DNA Part A},
  pages={455 - 473}
Once found throughout Africa and Eurasia, the leopard (Panthera pardus) was recently uplisted from Near Threatened to Vulnerable by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN. [] Key Result By including data from 182 historical museum specimens, faecal samples from ongoing field surveys, and published sequences representing sub-Saharan Africa, we identify previously unrecognized genetic diversity in African leopards.

Assessing subspecies status of leopards (Panthera pardus) of northern Pakistan using mitochondrial DNA

Phylogenetic analysis clearly separates the Pakistani leopards from the African and Arabian clades, confirming that leopard from Pakistan are members of the Asian clade.

Is there low maternal genetic variation in West Asian populations of leopard?

The findings based on phylogenetic trees and median-joining network indicated that leopards from Iran formed a distinct subclade, i.e., P. p.

Reconstructing the Genomic Diversity of a Widespread Sub-Saharan Bat (Pteropodidae: Eidolon helvum) Using Archival Museum Collections

Analysis of historical samples of E. helvum demonstrates that analyses utilizing ‘archival’ DNA from older specimens in museum collections have the potential to illuminate patterns of both past and contemporary biodiversity, and to help assess the impacts of habitat loss and climate change on species at the genomic level.

Phylogeography, Species Limits, Phylogeny, and Classification of the Turacos (Aves: Musophagidae) Based on Mitochondrial and Nuclear DNA Sequences

Analysis of genetic and morphological variation revealed substantial and unexpected geographic diversity within the Musophagidae, and recognizes 33 species-level taxa that represent the appropriate units for phylogenetic and biogeographic analyses (phylogenetic species).

Lorenzo Camerano (1856–1917) and his contribution to large mammal phylogeny and taxonomy, with particular reference to the genera Capra, Rupicapra and Rangifer

Some of his little-known results on the systematic and phylogenetics of ungulates (particularly of the genus Capra) are widespread to increase knowledge about that particular period of taxonomic research in Europe before the advent of the New Synthesis.

Shotgun sequencing decades-old lichen specimens to resolve phylogenomic placement of type material

High-throughput metagenomic shotgun sequencing is used to generate genome-scale data from decades-old isotype specimens representing three vagrant taxa in the lichen-forming fungal genus Rhizoplaca, including one species and two subspecies and to infer the phylogenetic position of an enigmatic collection that failed to yield genetic data via Sanger sequencing.

A Camera-Trap Home-Range Analysis of the Indian Leopard (Panthera pardus fusca) in Jaipur, India

It is concluded that camera trapping is an effective technique to map the territories of leopards, to document inter- and intraspecific behaviors, and to elucidate how familial relationships affect dispersal.



Phylogeography, population history and conservation genetics of jaguars (Panthera onca, Mammalia, Felidae)

The genetic diversity, population structure and demographic history of jaguars across their geographical range are investigated by analysing 715 base pairs of the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) control region and 29 microsatellite loci in ≈40 individuals sampled from Mexico to southern Brazil.

Population genetics of the roan antelope (Hippotragus equinus) with suggestions for conservation

Mismatch distribution analyses revealed possible past refugia for roan in the west and east of Africa and lent strong support for the separation of West African populations from the remainder of the populations studied across the African continent.

Leopard (Panthera pardus) status, distribution, and the research efforts across its range

It is found that while leopard research was increasing, research effort was primarily on the subspecies with the most remaining range whereas subspecies that are most in need of urgent attention were neglected.

Phylogeographic Subspecies Recognition in Leopards (Panthera pardus): Molecular Genetic Variation

The incorporation of precise definitions for taxonomic units into wildlife legislation has necessitated the reevaluation of the taxonomy of endangered and threatened species, and it is recommended that subspecific leopard taxonomy be revised to comprise eight subspecies.

Phylogeographic Patterns in Africa and High Resolution Delineation of Genetic Clades in the Lion (Panthera leo)

This study introduces the lion as a model for African phylogeography and supports the revision of current lion taxonomy, as recognition of a northern and a southern subspecies is more parsimonious with the evolutionary history of the lion.

The origin, current diversity and future conservation of the modern lion (Panthera leo)

The results suggest that the modern lion may currently consist of three geographic populations on the basis of their recent evolutionary history: North African–Asian, southern African and middle African.

Phylogenetics, genome diversity and origin of modern leopard, Panthera pardus

Combined phylogeographic and population diversity estimates support an origin for modern leopard lineages 470 000–825 000 years ago in Africa followed by their migration into and across Asia more recently (170 000–300 thousands years ago).

Revealing the maternal demographic history of Panthera leo using ancient DNA and a spatially explicit genealogical analysis

Deep, well-supported splits within the mitochondrial phylogeny of African lions are identified, arguing for recognition of some regional populations as worthy of independent conservation.

Pan-African Genetic Structure in the African Buffalo (Syncerus caffer): Investigating Intraspecific Divergence

The African buffalo most likely expanded and diverged in the late to middle Pleistocene from an ancestral population located around the current-day Central African Republic, adapting morphologically to colonize new habitats, hence developing the variety of ecophenotypes observed today.

Phylogeography of three closely related African bovids (tribe Alcelaphini).

A scenario where these antelopes, previously with wide pan-African distributions, became extinct except in a few refugia is suggested, where the hartebeest, and probably also the topi, survived inRefugia north of the equator, in the east and the west, respectively, as well as one in the south.