Historical introduction and review of chemistry.

Abstract

A historical introduction and review of the chemistry of the agonist-antagonist analgesics is presented. This development of strong analgesics with a lowered abuse potential from nalorphine to the clinically useful agonist-antagonists pentazocine, butorphanol, nalbuphine and buprenorphine is discussed in detail. The discovery of the pure antagonist naloxone… (More)

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