Historical evolution of circuit models for the electrode-electrolyte interface

  title={Historical evolution of circuit models for the electrode-electrolyte interface},
  author={Leslie A. Geddes},
  journal={Annals of Biomedical Engineering},
Electrodes are widely used to measure bioelectric events and to stimulate excitable tissues. In one form or another, electrodes have been around for nearly two centuries; yet our ability to predict their properties is extremely limited, despite considerable research, especially during the last century. This paper chronicles the accumulation of knowledge about the electrode-electrolyte interface as a circuit element. Our understanding of this interface starts with the Helmholtz double layer of… CONTINUE READING
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