Historical demography of Mullerian mimicry in the neotropical Heliconius butterflies.

  title={Historical demography of Mullerian mimicry in the neotropical Heliconius butterflies.},
  author={Nicola S. Flanagan and Alex Tobler and Angus Davison and Oliver G. Pybus and Durrell D. Kapan and S{\'i}lvia Planas and Mauricio Linares and David G. Heckel and W. Owen McMillan},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  volume={101 26},
We compare the historical demographies of two Müllerian comimetic butterfly species: Heliconius erato and Heliconius melpomene. These species show an extensive parallel geographic divergence in their aposematic wing phenotypes. Recent studies suggest that this coincident mosaic results from simultaneous demographic processes shaped by extrinsic forces over Pleistocene climate fluctuations. However, DNA sequence variation at two rapidly evolving unlinked nuclear loci, Mannose phosphate isomerase… CONTINUE READING
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