Historical deadly typhoons in the Philippines

  title={Historical deadly typhoons in the Philippines},
  author={Pedro Ribera and Ricardo Alfonso Garcia-Herrera and Luis Gimeno},
, in China and Japan, are used. The physical mechanisms responsible for their development are complex and not fully understood, but it is known that they require high sea-surface temperatures (SST), a moderate Coriolis force, a pre-existent synoptic perturbation (normally a monsoon trough or easterly wave) and low wind shear (Fink and Speth, 1998; Galvin, 2008). The dependence on high sea tem-perature has opened the debate on a pos-sible increase in the frequency of tropical cyclones in a… 

A Tropical Archipelago

The tropical maritime climate of the Philippines is marked by high temperature and abundant rainfall. The chapter first examines the major characteristics of the climate, dominated by the seasonal

La Niña episodes . Recent AdvAnces in the histoRicAl climAtology of the tRopics And subtRopics

I n comparison with the Northern Hemisphere midlatitudes, the nature of long-term climatic variability in the tropics and subtropics is poorly understood. This is due primarily to a lack of

Documenting 19th Century Typhoon Landfalls in Japan

Japan is located in the Western North Pacific basin, the most active tropical cyclone region in the world. For the most recent normal period (1981-2010), an annual average of 25.6 typhoons formed in

Recent Advances in the Historical Climatology of the Tropics and Subtropics

Recent years have seen major advances in the understanding of the historical climatology of tropical and subtropical areas, primarily through the analysis of documentary materials such as weather

Tropical cyclone activity over Madagascar during the late nineteenth century

Tropical cyclones (TCs) represent the most significant natural hazard for the economy and population of Madagascar. Planning for the impacts of future cyclone strikes requires a detailed

Climate history of Asia (excluding China)

As the largest landmass on Earth, Asia’s climatic history is of paramount importance. However, with the exception of China, research on the historical climatology of the continent remains in its

The ‘terrific Tongking typhoon’ of October 1881 – implications for the Red River Delta (northern Vietnam) in modern times

The terrific Tongking typhoon (Dechevrens, 1882) of early October 1881 spread destruction and calamity along the coast of what is now northern Vietnam. The young port town of Haiphong, located

Contribution of Tropical Cyclones to Rainfall in the Philippines

AbstractTropical cyclone (TC)-induced rainfall (TC rain) in the Philippines was investigated using a combination of ground and satellite observations to produce a blended 64-yr precipitation dataset.

Wind, Water, and Risk: Shaping a Transnational History of the Western North Pacific

  • G. Bankoff
  • History
    TRaNS: Trans -Regional and -National Studies of Southeast Asia
  • 2015
Abstract The peoples who inhabit the states that lie in the direct paths of typhoons in the Western North Pacific share a common history of repeated dislocation, destruction, and death that delimits



Northwest Pacific typhoons documented by the Philippine Jesuits, 1566–1900

In recent years, the population and the value of properties in areas prone to tropical cyclone (TC) have increased dramatically. This has caused more attention to be placed on the characterization of

Typhoons in the Philippine Islands, 1901-1934

A chronology of typhoons and storms in the Western North Pacific is presented, based on the previous work of Miguel Selga, a former director of the Manila Observatory. It includes data about 863

Changes in Tropical Cyclone Number, Duration, and Intensity in a Warming Environment

A large increase was seen in the number and proportion of hurricanes reaching categories 4 and 5 and the number of cyclones and cyclone days has decreased in all basins except the North Atlantic during the past decade.

Intense hurricane activity over the past 5,000 years controlled by El Niño and the West African monsoon

Comparison of the sediment record with palaeo-climate records indicates that this variability was probably modulated by atmospheric dynamics associated with variations in the El Niño/Southern Oscillation and the strength of the West African monsoon, and suggests that sea surface temperatures as high as at present are not necessary to support intervals of frequent intense hurricanes.

Increasing destructiveness of tropical cyclones over the past 30 years

An index of the potential destructiveness of hurricanes based on the total dissipation of power, integrated over the lifetime of the cyclone, is defined and shows that this index has increased markedly since the mid-1970s, due to both longer storm lifetimes and greater storm intensities.

The weather and climate of the tropics: Part 7 – Tropical revolving storms

In earlier parts of the series, there was much discussion of broad-scale convection in the near-equatorial humid tropics. The development of areas of deep cumuliform and layer clouds associated with

Heightened tropical cyclone activity in the North Atlantic: natural variability or climate trend?

  • G. HollandP. Webster
  • Environmental Science
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
  • 2007
It is concluded that the overall trend in SSTs, and tropical cyclone and hurricane numbers is substantially influenced by greenhouse warming.

History of the Deadliest Atlantic Tropical Cyclones Since the Discovery of the New World

The causes, magnitude, and spatial and temporal distributions of loss of life resulting from Atlantic tropical cyclones since 1492 are documented, providing perspective on the historical threat and

New records of Atlantic hurricanes from Spanish documentary sources

[1] Spanish historical documents from the Archivo General de Indias (General Archive of the Indies) have been used to identify Caribbean hurricanes and storms from the sixteenth to the nineteenth

Tropical cyclones.

Over seasonal timescales (from 3-10 months in advance), predictions can be made for the level of cyclone activity to occur during a given season, to indicate the expected number of cyclones that will form or the number of days that there will be cyclones during a season.