Historical biogeography of Caribbean plants: introduction to current knowledge and possibilities from a phylogenetic perspective

@article{SantiagoValentn2004HistoricalBO,
  title={Historical biogeography of Caribbean plants: introduction to current knowledge and possibilities from a phylogenetic perspective},
  author={Eugenio Santiago-Valent{\'i}n and Richard G. Olmstead},
  journal={Taxon},
  year={2004},
  volume={53},
  pages={299-319}
}
Knowledge of the evolution and biogeography of the Caribbean biota comes primarily from faunal studies, in spite of the tremendous richness of the Caribbean flora. The limited data to assess Caribbean phytogeography comes from fossils, floristic distributions, and phylogenetic studies. The geology in the Caribbean is extremely complex, but it is widely accepted that part of the Greater Antilles are old and precede the emergence of the Lesser Antilles and the Panamanian isthmus. Cuba and… 

Figures and Tables from this paper

Biogeography of the West Indies: A complex scenario for species radiations in terrestrial and aquatic habitats
TLDR
Divergent diversification patterns observed in terrestrial versus aquatic groups of the West Indian biota are highlighted to shed light on mechanisms that may differently drive speciation in aquatic versus terrestrial environments suggesting that ecological opportunity could outweigh the importance of island size in speciation.
Historical Biogeography of endemic seed plant genera in the Caribbean: Did GAARlandia play a role?
TLDR
It is concluded that GAARlandia did not act as a colonization route for plants between South America and the Antilles and further studies on Caribbean plant dispersal at the species and population levels will be required to reveal finer‐scale biogeographic patterns and mechanisms.
Molecular Phylogenetic Studies of Caribbean Palms (Arecaceae) and Their Relationships to Biogeography and Conservation
TLDR
An overview of phylogenetic knowledge of West Indian Palms, including their relationships within a plastid DNA-based phylogeny of the Arecaceae and six palm lineages that deserve conservation priority are identified.
Out of Amazonia and Back again: Historical Biogeography of the Species-Rich Neotropical Genus Philodendron (Araceae)1
Abstract The origin of Neotropical species diversity is strongly associated with the geological history of South America. Since the Miocene, a number of species radiations across different
Evolution of the Caribbean Species of Columnea (Gesneriaceae) with an Emphasis on the Jamaican Species
TLDR
The high diversity of Columnea in the Caribbean is due to the disproportionate number of species on Jamaica, but there is no obvious explanation for the radiation on this island, despite considering island size, topography, pollinators, and dispersers.
Seed plant genera endemic to the Caribbean Island biodiversity hotspot: A review and a molecular phylogenetic perspective
TLDR
There is an urgent need for (1) additional field studies to learn the conservation status of these genera, (2) effective protection of the habitats where the most endangered genera occur, and (3) additional biological and systematic studies of the least understood genera.
Island Ancestors and New World Biogeography: A Case Study from the Scorpions (Buthidae: Centruroidinae)
TLDR
The present study investigates the biogeographical diversification of the New World buthid scorpion subfamily Centruroidinae Kraus, 1955, a clade of seven genera and more than 110 species; infers the ancestral distributions of these scorpions; and tests the relative roles of vicariance and dispersal in the formation of their present distributions.
A phylogeny of the genus Limia (Teleostei: Poeciliidae) suggests a single-lake radiation nested in a Caribbean-wide allopatric speciation scenario
TLDR
A preliminary phylogeny of Limia is provided and strong support that the species found in Lake Miragoâne in Haiti are indeed monophyletic (BS=97; PP=1.0), confirming the hypothesis of a recent local radiation and suggesting speciation is likely extremely recent, leading to incomplete lineage sorting in the mtDNA.
Biogeography and Divergence in Guaiacum sanctum (Zygophyllaceae) Revealed in Chloroplast DNA: Implications for Conservation in the Florida Keys
TLDR
Both types of analyses strongly support a significant genetic divergence between Caribbean and Mexican populations of G. sanctum and also suggest bidirectional dispersal of the tree into Lignumvitae Key from both the Caribbean and Mexico.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 145 REFERENCES
HISTORICAL BIOGEOGRAPHY OF
TLDR
The vertebrate fauna of the West Indies exhibits high levels of endemism and has a taxonomic composition characteristic of more isolated oceanic islands, and molecular estimates of divergence times between island taxa and their mainland counterparts indicate a Cenozoic origin for nearly all groups examined.
New angiosperm records from the Caribbean Tertiary
  • A. Graham
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 1990
TLDR
Thirteen taxa represented by fossil palynomorphs that either have no previous fossil record or were unknown as microfossils in the region have been recovered from Gulf/Caribbean Tertiary deposits and processed by acetolysis and now suggest the Gatun Formation is probably Pliocene in age.
Biogeography of the West Indies : Patterns and Perspectives, Second Edition
Introduction, C.A. Woods Biogeography of the West Indies: An Overview, S. Blair Hedges Climate Change in the Circum-Caribbean and Implications for Regional Biogeography, J. Curtis, M. Brenner, and D.
Phylogeny, diversity, and distribution inExostema (Rubiaceae): Implications of morphological and molecular analyses
TLDR
Morphological evolution in Exostema involves many specializations for xeric habitats, reflecting repeated ecological shifts from moist forest to exposed, seasonally dry environments during the diversification of the genus.
Molecular phylogeny and biogeography of Erithalis (Rubiaceae), an endemic of the Caribbean Basin
TLDR
DNA sequences of chloroplast (trnF-trnL) and nuclear non-coding spacers (ITS and ETS) indicate that Erithalis is monophyletic, and analyses of the combined data revealed two weakly supported clades: one composed of E. fruticosa and E. nk;harrisii, and a sister clade of the remaining species.
Biogeography of Exostema (Rubiaceae) in the Caribbean Region in Light of Molecular Phylogenetic Analyses
TLDR
Biogeographical patterns found in Exostema are similar to those reported for other Caribbean plant groups, with vicariance detected in certain cases, and dispersal often indicated by distribution, ecology and phylogeny for many taxa.
Hypotheses for the Colonization of the Caribbean Basin by Two Genera of the Rubiaceae: Erithalis and Ernodea
TLDR
It is implied that trans-oceanic seed dispersal plays an important role in the distribution of these genera, in addition to Tertiary vicariance events for Erithalis.
Vicariance Biogeography in Mesoamerica
TLDR
This paper sets out to achieve three objectives: to concentrate on the most recent and most thorough developments in systematics and biogeography-cladistics and vicariance, and the methods as applied to the interrelationships of endemic areas in Mesoamerica.
HISTORICAL BIOGEOGRAPHY: Introduction to Methods
TLDR
The various methods of biogeography think some of them can be integrated in a single biogeographic approach, with the capability of resolving different problems, such as the recognition of spatial problems.
Geological hierarchies and biogeographic congruence in the Caribbean
If it is agreed that an understanding of biohistory in some ways is tied to an understanding of geohistory, then one might also agree that what is needed is a precise means of specifying how a given
...
1
2
3
4
5
...