Historical Warnings of Future Food Insecurity with Unprecedented Seasonal Heat

  title={Historical Warnings of Future Food Insecurity with Unprecedented Seasonal Heat},
  author={David S. Battisti and Rosamond L. Naylor},
  pages={240 - 244}
Higher growing season temperatures can have dramatic impacts on agricultural productivity, farm incomes, and food security. We used observational data and output from 23 global climate models to show a high probability (>90%) that growing season temperatures in the tropics and subtropics by the end of the 21st century will exceed the most extreme seasonal temperatures recorded from 1900 to 2006. In temperate regions, the hottest seasons on record will represent the future norm in many locations… 
Bambara Groundnut for Food Security in the Changing African Climate
Global food production must respond to the demands of a growing world population, and to the hazards of climate change. Higher temperatures, unpredictable rainfall and weather patterns, changes in
World Food Security: The Challenges of Climate Change and Bioenergy
Over 1.02 billion people in the world suffer from hunger today. Securing world food security in light of the impact of climate change may be one of the biggest challenges we face in this century.
Delayed Seasonal Cycle and African Monsoon in a Warmer Climate
Increasing greenhouse gases will change many aspects of the Earth's climate, from its annual mean to the frequency of extremes such as heat waves and droughts. Here we report that the current
Large scale tropical deforestation drives extreme warming
Accelerating deforestation rates in Earth’s tropical rainforests have dramatic impacts on local public health, agricultural productivity, and global climate change. We used satellite observations to
Global warming and its effect on agriculture
There are some terrible consequences on the environment due to climate change. Among the ill effects of climate change are melting ice caps, rise in sea levels, erratic weather and warmer oceans. It
Adaptation in agriculture: historic effects of heat waves and droughts on UK agriculture
Extreme weather events are expected to increase in frequency and/or severity under climate change. Recent examples of these types of events, such as the heat wave in Europe in 2003, have caused
Tropical Crops and Resilience to Climate Change
It is anticipated that agricultural output will have to increase by 70% to feed a global population of more than 9 billion by the year 2050 (Benkeblia 2012). The capacity of global high-intensity


Prioritizing Climate Change Adaptation Needs for Food Security in 2030
Results indicate South Asia and Southern Africa as two regions that, without sufficient adaptation measures, will likely suffer negative impacts on several crops that are important to large food-insecure human populations.
Rice yields decline with higher night temperature from global warming.
  • S. Peng, Jianliang Huang, K. Cassman
  • Environmental Science, Medicine
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2004
This report provides a direct evidence of decreased rice yields from increased nighttime temperature associated with global warming and a close linkage between rice grain yield and mean minimum temperature during the dry cropping season.
Impacts of Summer 2003 Heat Wave in Europe
The extreme drought and heat wave that hit Europe in the summer of 2003 had enormous adverse social, economic and environmental effects, such as the death of thousands of vulnerable elderly people,
Why are agricultural impacts of climate change so uncertain? The importance of temperature relative to precipitation
Estimates of climate change impacts are often characterized by large uncertainties that reflect ignorance of many physical, biological, and socio-economic processes, and which hamper efforts to
Genetic approaches to crop improvement: responding to environmental and population changes
Progress has been made in the isolation and functional analyses of genes controlling yield and tolerance to abiotic stresses and promising new methods are being developed for identifying additional genes and variants of interest and putting these to practical use in crop improvement.
Climate change 2007 : impacts, adaptation and vulnerability
Foreword Preface Introduction Summary for policymakers Technical summary 1. Assessment of observed changes and responses in natural and managed systems 2. New assessment methodologies and the
Climate Dependence and Food Problems in Russia, 1900-1990: The Interaction of Climate and Agricultural Policy and Their Effect on Food Problems
List of Figures List of Tables Preface Chapter 1. Introduction: climate and agriculture in Russia Chapter 2. The availability and reliability of statistical agricultural data for Russia 2.1. The
Crop responses and adaptations to temperature stress
This book discusses Mechanisms of Chilling Injury and Tolerance, Root System Functions During Chilling Temperatures, and Strategies for Coping with Heat Stress.
  • A. Voss, W. Jarvis
  • Medicine, Political Science
    Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology
  • 2001
The Journal of Open Public Health Data publishes data papers, which do not contain research results but rather a description of a dataset, and where to find it, which are freely available to anyone with an Internet connection, anywhere in the world.
  • R. Rosenfeld
  • Medicine
    Otolaryngology--head and neck surgery : official journal of American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
  • 2009