Historical Underpinnings of Bipolar Disorder Diagnostic Criteria

  title={Historical Underpinnings of Bipolar Disorder Diagnostic Criteria},
  author={Brittany L. Mason and E. Sherwood Brown and Paul E. Croarkin},
  journal={Behavioral Sciences},
Mood is the changing expression of emotion and can be described as a spectrum. The outermost ends of this spectrum highlight two states, the lowest low, melancholia, and the highest high, mania. These mood extremes have been documented repeatedly in human history, being first systematically described by Hippocrates. Nineteenth century contemporaries Falret and Baillarger described two forms of an extreme mood disorder, with the validity and accuracy of both debated. Regardless, the concept of a… 
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