Historical Roots of the “Whitening” of Brazil

@article{dosSantos2002HistoricalRO,
  title={Historical Roots of the “Whitening” of Brazil},
  author={Sales Augusto dos Santos},
  journal={Latin American Perspectives},
  year={2002},
  volume={29},
  pages={61 - 82}
}
It has been estimated that, over a 300-year period from the second half of the sixteenth century until the first half of the nineteenth, some 3.5-3.6 million black slaves were brought to Brazil from Africa (Goulart, 1950: 272; Mattoso, 1981: 53). This enormous number of black Africans transformed the racial makeup of Brazil. We do not know exactly when it happened, but by the end of the eighteenth century these blacks and their descendants already formed the majority of the Brazilian population… 

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