Historical Antecedents and Post-World War II Regionalism in the Americas

  title={Historical Antecedents and Post-World War II Regionalism in the Americas},
  author={Tom Long},
  journal={World Politics},
  • Tom Long
  • Published 6 March 2020
  • Political Science
  • World Politics
After World War II, the US-led international security order exhibited substantial regional variation. Explaining this variation has been central to the debate over why is there no nato in Asia. But this debate overlooks the emergence of multilateral security arrangements between the United States and Latin American countries during the same critical juncture. These inter-American institutions are puzzling considering the three factors most commonly used to explain divergence between nato and… 
El Estado y el Regionalismo Latinoamericanos: Una Aproximación de élites en el Siglo XIX
  • C. González, F. Sánchez
  • Political Science
    Iberoamericana – Nordic Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies
  • 2020
The State and Regionalism in Latin America: An Elite-Approach during 19th-Century The mainstream studies on regionalism in Latin America have focused on the origins of 20th-Century regional
Republican internationalism: the nineteenth-century roots of Latin American contributions to international order
Although Latin America plays a minimal role in debates on the ‘liberal international order’, scholars recognize the region’s influence on international law, norms, and institutions. We contend that...
The Price of Protection: Explaining Success and Failure of US Alliance Burden-Sharing Pressure
Abstract Existing scholarship on alliance burden sharing focuses on explaining why smaller allies often undercontribute relative to their larger partners. However, the literature largely neglects the


Why is There No NATO in Asia? Collective Identity, Regionalism, and the Origins of Multilateralism
In this paper, we explain why the U.S. government chose multilateral security arrangements in Europe and bilateral ones in Asia in the 1940s and 1950s. After reviewing the inadequacies of a number of
Comparing Regional Institutions: An Introduction
Why study institutional design? During the past decade regionalism has received increasing attention as a major potential force for global change. While regionalism has been a consistent feature of
Latin America and the liberal international order: an agenda for research
  • Tom Long
  • Political Science
    International Affairs
  • 2018
Recent debates about challenges to the liberal international order (LIO) have led International Relations (IR) scholars, both those critical and supportive of the concept, to examine its origins and
Historical Institutionalism and International Relations. Explaining Institutional Development in World Politics
The observation that the international institutional order has proven highly resilient in the face of exogenous shocks, while at the same time undergoing significant changes, has focused scholarly
Crafting Cooperation: International cooperation in Latin America: the design of regional institutions by slow accretion
The first regional institutions in the Americas emerged in the 1820s as the successor states of Spain's American empire sought to construct stable, amicable, and productive relations between
Soft Balancing in the Americas: Latin American Opposition to U.S. Intervention, 1898–1936
In the aftermath of the 2003 U.S.-led invasion of Iraq, scholars of international relations debated how to best characterize the rising tide of global opposition. The concept of “soft balancing”
Rethinking regionalism: Europe and East Asia in comparative historical perspective
Abstract Regionally based processes of political and economic integration, security co-operation, and even social identification have become increasingly important and prominent parts of the
Setting the Regional Agenda: A Critique of Posthegemonic Regionalism
Abstract There is a growing scholarly consensus that Latin American regionalism has entered a new phase. For some observers, the increasing complexity of regional cooperation initiatives renders
Organizing the world : the United States and regional cooperation in Asia and Europe
1. Introduction 2. What Explains Strategy Choice? The Theoretical Framework 3. The Rise and Fall of the Pacific Pact: American Policy Toward Early Postwar Security Arrangements in Asia 4. From
Defending the West: Occidentalism and the Formation of NATO
EITHER the traditional realist explanation nor liberal and constructivist alternatives are adequate to explain NATO’s formation. Existing explanations of the formation of NATO in International