Historic emergence, impact and current status of shrimp pathogens in Asia.

@article{Flegel2012HistoricEI,
  title={Historic emergence, impact and current status of shrimp pathogens in Asia.},
  author={Timothy William Flegel},
  journal={Journal of invertebrate pathology},
  year={2012},
  volume={110 2},
  pages={166-73}
}
It is estimated that approximately 60% of disease losses in shrimp aquaculture have been caused by viral pathogens and 20% by bacterial pathogens. By comparison, losses to fungi and parasites have been relatively small. For bacterial pathogens, Vibrio species are the most important while for viral pathogens importance has changed since 2003 when domesticated and genetically selected stocks of the American whiteleg shrimp Penaeus (Litopenaeus) vannamei (Boone 1931) replaced the formerly dominant… CONTINUE READING

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