Long-term follow-up after triple treatment of prostate cancer stage pT3.
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the histopathological outcome in patients with prostate cancer operated on with radical retropubic prostatectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 167 patients with clinically organ-localized prostate cancer treated with open radical retropubic prostatectomy between 1996 and 2001 were divided into three equally sized consecutive cohorts (cohorts I-III). The prostatectomy specimens were re-examined by two pathologists with respect to pathological tumour stage, tumour grade and surgical tumour margins. RESULTS The mean preoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA) value was statistically significantly higher in cohort I compared to cohorts II and III: 13.2, 9.0 and 8.5 ng/ml, respectively (p<0.05). The incidence of locally advanced (pT3a-3b) tumours was 44% in cohort I and 20% in both cohorts II and III (p<0.05). The incidence of positive tumour margins was 58% in cohort I, compared to 30% in cohort II and 13% in cohort III (p<0.05). The incidence of positive intracapsular tumour margins was 55% in cohort I, compared to 25% in cohort II and 8.9% in cohort III (p<0.05). The incidence of positive tumour margins in the pT2 tumours in cohorts I-III was 57%, 26% and 8.9%, respectively (p<0.05). Cohort III had significantly more low-grade tumours (Gleason score 4-6; 58.9%) compared to cohorts I (31.5%) and II (34%). There was a higher incidence of Gleason score >or=7 in the pT3 tumours compared to the pT2 tumours (80% vs 46%) and in margin-positive compared to -negative tumours (69.6% vs 48.6%) (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS The decline in pT3 tumours and positive tumour margins between cohorts I-III is probably due to a gradually more strict selection of patients for radical retropubic prostatectomy. The successive reduction in positive intracapsular tumour margins is most likely due to an improved surgical technique.