Histologic evaluation of retrieved craniofacial implants.


A retrieval study was performed on implants placed extraorally in the craniofacial region. The study included 19 implants retrieved from 16 patients. The implants were all stable at the time of removal. For various reasons, 5 of the implants were never loaded, whereas 14 of the implants had a known loading period of 3 months to 7 years 7 months. The reasons… (More)


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