Histologic effects of different technologies for dissection in endoscopic surgery: Nd:YAG laser, high frequency and water-jet.


Precise cutting combined with reliable coagulation of the margins of the lesion is an important requirement for dissection techniques in endoscopic surgery. These requirements are met by the two most common ancillary energy sources applied for endoscopic dissection today, electrosurgery and "thermal lasers", mostly the Nd:YAG. For the comparison of the… (More)


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