Hippotherapy in Children with Developmental Delays: Physical Function and Psychological Benefits

  title={Hippotherapy in Children with Developmental Delays: Physical Function and Psychological Benefits},
  author={Freda Thompson and Caroline J Ketcham and Eric E Hall},
  journal={Advances in Physical Education},
Hippotherapy, or horse therapy, is an innovative form of physical therapy that involves the use of a horse as a therapeutic tool in order to effectively challenge a rider’s core muscles. The rhythm of the horse’s gait continuously engages the client’s balance and posture, while the supervising physical therapist seeks to improve the client’s overall coordination and fine motor skills through various activities. This combination of movement and therapist-directed activity can have… Expand
Use of Hippotherapy in a Pediatric Patient with Right Hemiplegia: A Case Report
A 9-year-old female who suffered a left middle cerebral artery hemorrhagic stroke with resulting right-sided hemiplegia during a craniotomy is suggested to receive hippotherapy to improve gait and balance deficits in the pediatric chronic stroke population. Expand
Gait and Gross Motor Improvements in a Two‐Year‐Old Child With Arthrogryposis After Hippotherapy Intervention Using a Norwegian Fjord
Early intervention with hippotherapy was beneficial for this subject with AMC and warrants further studies, which showed improved functional motor skills and gait parameters observed after 14 and 25 sessions of hippotherapy. Expand
Gross Motor Skills and Gait Performance in Two- and Three-year-old Children With Developmental Delay Participating in Hippotherapy.
It is suggested that HPOT intervention in young children with gross motor developmental delay can improve gross motor skills and gait performance measures did not change significantly from pre-test to post-est in the DD group after HPOT; however, improvement trends were seen in step width and step length afterHPOT. Expand
Anxiety management through hippotherapy in children with developmental disorders
Hippotherapy is an intervention, which uses the natural gait and movement of a horse to provide motor, and sensory stimulation, which helps children with disabilities gain confidence and sense of security which helps them to deal with stress. Expand
Hippotherapy – an effective multi-profile treatment ? Hipoterapia – skuteczna terapia wieloprofilowa ?
IN T R O D U C T IO N : Hippotherapy is a form of psychomotor therapy aided by a horse. Aim of the paper: The aim of the paper is to characterize hippotherapy as an effective method supportingExpand
  • Dilek Uzunçayir, Levent Ilhan
  • Psychology
  • Ankara Üniversitesi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Yüksekokulu SPORMETRE Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi
  • 2021
Bu arastirmada, ozel gereksinimli cocugu olan ebeveynlerin hippoterapi egitimine yonelik bakis acilarinin incelenmesi amaclanmistir. Arastirmada nitel arastirma yaklasimlarindan temel nitel arastirmaExpand


Hippotherapy—An Intervention to Habilitate Balance Deficits in Children With Movement Disorders: A Clinical Trial
The findings suggest that hippotherapy may be a viable strategy for reducing balance deficits and improving the performance of daily life skills in children with mild to moderate balance problems. Expand
Effect of Hippotherapy on Perceived Self-competence and Participation in a Child With Cerebral Palsy
  • A. Frank, S. McCloskey, R. Dole
  • Medicine
  • Pediatric physical therapy : the official publication of the Section on Pediatrics of the American Physical Therapy Association
  • 2011
Hippotherapy not only may be an effective intervention to improve functional gross motor development but also may affect perceived self-competence and social acceptance, which may lead to increases in participation for children with mild cerebral palsy. Expand
Effect of therapeutic horseback riding on posture in children with cerebral palsy.
A statistically significant difference was found between the three test intervals with significant improvement occurring during the period of therapeutic riding, and clinical improvements were also noted in muscle tone and balance as evidenced by improved functional skills. Expand
Volitional Change in Children With Autism: A Single-Case Design Study of the Impact of Hippotherapy on Motivation
Autism is a prevalent developmental disorder that affects numerous aspects of a child's daily functioning, including but not limited to communication, social interaction, cognitive functioning, motorExpand
Does horseback riding therapy or therapist‐directed hippotherapy rehabilitate children with cerebral palsy?
  • J. A. Sterba
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Developmental medicine and child neurology
  • 2007
The evidence suggests that HBRT and hippotherapy are individually efficacious, and are both medically indicated as therapy for gross motor rehabilitation in children with CP. Expand
The Effect of Therapeutic Horseback Riding on Gross Motor Function and Gait Speed in Children Who Are Developmentally Delayed
It is indicated that therapeutic riding may lead to improvement in gross motor function in developmentally delayed children and that these improvements remain once therapeutic riding ceases. Expand
Immediate Effects of a Hippotherapy Session on Gait Parameters in Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy
  • Margaret McGee, N. Reese
  • Medicine
  • Pediatric physical therapy : the official publication of the Section on Pediatrics of the American Physical Therapy Association
  • 2009
This study provides baseline data for future research and useful clinical information for physical therapists using hippotherapy as a treatment modality for children with spastic cerebral palsy. Expand
Evaluation of therapeutic riding (Sweden)/hippotherapy (United States). A single-subject experimental design study replicated in eleven patients with multiple sclerosis
Conclusively, balance and Role-Emotional were the variables most often improved, but TR/HT appeared to benefit the subjects differently, and some improvements were also seen in pain, muscle tension, and ADL. Expand
Changes in dynamic trunk/head stability and functional reach after hippotherapy.
Significant changes with large effect sizes in head/trunk stability and reaching/targeting, elapsed time, and efficiency (reach/path ratio) after 12 weeks of hippotherapy intervention are found. Expand
The Effectiveness of Hippotherapy for Children With Language-Learning Disabilities
This study examined the effectiveness of hippotherapy versus traditional therapy for children with language-learning disabilities. Three boys, ages 9, 10, and 12 years, and their parentsExpand