Hippocampus minor and man's place in nature: A case study in the social construction of neuroanatomy

  title={Hippocampus minor and man's place in nature: A case study in the social construction of neuroanatomy},
  author={Charles G. Gross},
  • C. Gross
  • Published 1 October 1993
  • Biology
  • Hippocampus
In mid‐19th century Britain the possibility of evolution and particularly the evolution of man from apes was vigorously contested. Among the leading antievolutionists was the celebrated anatomist and paleontologist Richard Owen and among the leading defenders of evolution was Thomas Henry Huxley. The central dispute between them on human evolution was whethe or not man's brain was fundamentally unique in having a hippocampus minor (known today as the calcar avis), a posterior horn in the… 
The origin of the calcar avis is described and the debate around this structure is summarized, which played a central role in the evolution debate in the mid-19th century.
The origin of species, man’s place in nature and the naming of the calcarine sulcus
InThe Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection of 1859, Charles Darwin provided a detailed, coherent proposal: species changed into new ones by the action over time of natural forces in the
Similarity in form and function of the hippocampus in rodents, monkeys, and humans
  • R. Clark, L. Squire
  • Biology, Psychology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2013
An historical scientific debate in which the fundamental idea that species are related by evolutionary descent was challenged is described, suggesting that analysis of such cases has served to emphasize the similarities in memory function across mammalian species.
La similitud en la forma y la función del hipocampo en roedores, monos y humanos
An historical scientific debate in which the fundamental idea that species are related by evolutionary descent was challenged was challenged, and the animal model was ultimately used to identify the neuroanatomy of long-term declarative memory (sometimes termed explicit memory).
'Goblinlike, fantastic: little people and deep time at the fin de siècle
This thesis offers a new reading of how little people were presented in both fiction and non-fiction in the latter half of the nineteenth century. After the ‘discovery’ of African pygmies in the
From Imhotep to Hubel and Wiesel
This chapter traces the origins of the current ideas about visual cortex and considers how a specifically visual area of the cortex was delineated, the extrastriate visual cortices, in the early 1980s.
Lessons from miniature brains: Cognition cheap, memory expensive (sentience linked to active movement?)
Giorgio Vallortigara studies space, number and object cognition, and brain asymmetry in a comparative and evolutionary perspective, and suggests that in order to have cognition, a convergence on some details of the evolution of nervous systems is needed.


The Great Bone Case
A contest from 1857 to 1863 between the two anatomists Richard Owen and Thomas Henry Huxley has received incomplete historical attention, although it prepared the way for Darwin's On the Origin of Species, encouraged assent to Darwinism after 1859, and provoked the first fully descriptive statement of human evolution.
IX. On the posterior lobes of the cerebrum of the quadrumana
  • W. H. Flower
  • Biology
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London
  • 1862
The hippocampus minor is not found in the brain of Monkeys, or of any other animals which he had examined, but is peculiar to Man, and many writers on human anatomy have followed Tiedemann's statement.
Human Neuroanatomy
The third edition of this work by the late Oliver S. Strong and Adolph Elwyn of Columbia University continues without essential change from its first and very successful plan. Some additions have
A Question of Properly Rights: Richard Owen's Evolutionism Reassessed
When Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation, the anonymous evolutionary work which caused such a furore in mid-Victorian England, was published towards the close of 1844, Richard Owen, by then
The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex
I.IF Mr. Darwin had closed his rich series of contributions to Science by the publication of the “Origin of Species,“he would have made an epoch in Natural History like that which Socrates made in
Darwin on man. A psychological study of scientific creativity, together with Darwin's early and unpublished notebooks
HOWARD E. GRUBER, Darwin on man. A psychological study ofscientific creativity, together with Darwin's early and unpublished notebooks, transcribed and annotated by Paul H. Barrett, London, Wildwood
Huxley as Anthropologist
IN the spring of 1857, two and a half years before the “Origin of Species” was published., certain events occurred in London which compelled Huxley to apply himself to the scientific study of the
Man's Place in Nature
Thomas Huxley demonstrated that ape and human brains were fundamentally similar in every anatomical detail, thus applying evolution to the human race.
I. The Croonian Lecture.—On the theory of the vertebrate skull
  • T. Huxley
  • Philosophy
    Proceedings of the Royal Society of London
  • 1859
The necessity of discussing so great a subject as the Theory of the Vertebrate Skull in the small space of time allotted by custom to a lecture, has its advantages as well as its drawbacks; and the author will avail himself to the uttermost of its benefits.
The Life of Richard Owen
THE life of this well-known and eminent anatomist, written by his grandson, the Rev. Richard Owen, has been based on such a large amount of material that “the writer's chief difficulty has been to