Hippocampus minor and man's place in nature: A case study in the social construction of neuroanatomy

@article{Gross1993HippocampusMA,
  title={Hippocampus minor and man's place in nature: A case study in the social construction of neuroanatomy},
  author={Charles G. Gross},
  journal={Hippocampus},
  year={1993},
  volume={3}
}
  • C. Gross
  • Published 1 October 1993
  • Biology
  • Hippocampus
In mid‐19th century Britain the possibility of evolution and particularly the evolution of man from apes was vigorously contested. Among the leading antievolutionists was the celebrated anatomist and paleontologist Richard Owen and among the leading defenders of evolution was Thomas Henry Huxley. The central dispute between them on human evolution was whethe or not man's brain was fundamentally unique in having a hippocampus minor (known today as the calcar avis), a posterior horn in the… 
HIPPOCAMPUS MINOR, CALCAR AVIS, AND THE HUXLEY‐OWEN DEBATE
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The origin of the calcar avis is described and the debate around this structure is summarized, which played a central role in the evolution debate in the mid-19th century.
The origin of species, man’s place in nature and the naming of the calcarine sulcus
InThe Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection of 1859, Charles Darwin provided a detailed, coherent proposal: species changed into new ones by the action over time of natural forces in the
Similarity in form and function of the hippocampus in rodents, monkeys, and humans
  • R. Clark, L. Squire
  • Biology, Psychology
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2013
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An historical scientific debate in which the fundamental idea that species are related by evolutionary descent was challenged is described, suggesting that analysis of such cases has served to emphasize the similarities in memory function across mammalian species.
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An historical scientific debate in which the fundamental idea that species are related by evolutionary descent was challenged was challenged, and the animal model was ultimately used to identify the neuroanatomy of long-term declarative memory (sometimes termed explicit memory).
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Lessons from miniature brains: Cognition cheap, memory expensive (sentience linked to active movement?)
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Giorgio Vallortigara studies space, number and object cognition, and brain asymmetry in a comparative and evolutionary perspective, and suggests that in order to have cognition, a convergence on some details of the evolution of nervous systems is needed.
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