Hindus Beyond the Hindu Kush: Indians in the Central Asian Slave Trade*

  title={Hindus Beyond the Hindu Kush: Indians in the Central Asian Slave Trade*},
  author={S. Levi},
  journal={Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society},
  pages={277 - 288}
  • S. Levi
  • Published 2002
  • History
  • Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society
Abstract Historical analyses of slavery in India generally emphasize the escalation of this social institution during the era of Muslim domination in north India. The present study is not an exception to this rule. However, while historical records make it clear that the Delhi Sultans and Mughal emperors retained slavery in order to suit their political and economic needs, it should be emphasized that Muslim rulers did not introduce slavery to the subcontinent. Sources such as the Arthaśāstra… Expand


See also Kolff, Naukar, Rajput and Sepoy
  • 12±14; John Richards, The Mughal Empire, The New Cambridge History of India
  • 1978
Raychaudhuri and Habib, The Cambridge Economic History of India, I
  • 1961
Another source relates that the Russian treaty with the Khivans dictated that``Khiva was supposed to repatriate some 20,000 male slaves to Persia.'' Mary Holdsworth
  • Turkestan in the Nineteenth Century: A Brief History of the Khanates of Bukhara, Kokand and Khiva
Bukhoro feodal jamiiatida
    For bibliographic information, see Sobranie vostochnykh rukopisei Akademii Nauk Uzbekskoi SSR
      For more on Balban's enslavement of Indians, see ibid., I, pp. 680, 683. See also Lal, Slavery in India
        For more on the role of Kunduz in the exportation of Indian and Afghan slaves to markets in Central Asia in this period, see also Alexander Gardner, Memoirs of Alexander Gardner